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  1. In the present work, four, well-studied, model peptides ( e.g. , substance P, bradykinin, angiotensin I and AT-Hook 3) were used to correlate structural information provided by ion mobility and ECD/CID fragmentation in a TIMS-q-EMS-ToF MS/MS platform, incorporporating an electromagnetostatic cell (EMS). The structural heterogeneity of the model peptides was observed by (i) multi-component ion mobility profiles (high ion mobility resolving power, R ∼115–145), and (ii) fast online characteristic ECD fragmentation patterns per ion mobility band (∼0.2 min). Particularly, it was demonstrated that all investigated species were probably conformers, involving cis / trans -isomerizations at X-Pro peptide bond, following themore »same protonation schemes, in good agreement with previous ion mobility and single point mutation experiments. The comparison between ion mobility selected ECD spectra and traditional FT-ICR ECD MS/MS spectra showed comparable ECD fragmentation efficiencies but differences in the ratio of radical (˙)/prime (′) fragment species (H˙ transfer), which were associated with the differences in detection time after the electron capture event. The analysis of model peptides using online TIMS-q-EMSToF MS/MS provided complementary structural information on the intramolecular interactions that stabilize the different gas-phase conformations to those obtained by ion mobility or ECD alone.« less
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available November 11, 2022
  2. In this work, a proteolytic digest of cytochrome c (microperoxidase 11, MP-11) was used as a model to study the structural aspects of heme protein interactions and porphyrin networks. The MP-11 structural heterogeneity was studied as a function of the starting pH ( e.g. , pH 3.1–6.1) and concentration ( e.g. , 1–50 μM) conditions and adduct coordination. Trapped ion mobility spectrometry coupled to mass spectrometry (TIMS-MS) showed the MP-11 structural dependence of the charge state distribution and molecular ion forms with the starting pH conditions. The singly charged ( e.g. , [M] + , [M − 2H + NHmore »4 ] + , [M − H + Na] + and [M − H + K] + ) and doubly charged ( e.g. , [M + H] 2+ , [M − H + NH 4 ] 2+ , [M + Na] 2+ and [M + K] 2+ ) molecular ion forms were observed for all solvent conditions, although the structural heterogeneity ( e.g. , number of mobility bands) significantly varied with the pH value and ion form. The MP-11 dimer formation as a model for heme-protein protein interactions showed that dimer formation is favored toward more neutral pH and favored when assisted by salt bridges ( e.g. , NH 4 + , Na + and K + vs. H + ). Inspection of the dimer mobility profiles (2+ and 3+ charge states) showed a high degree of structural heterogeneity as a function of the solution pH and ion form; the observation of common mobility bands suggest that the different salt bridges can stabilize similar structural motifs. In addition, the salt bridge influence on the MP-11 dimer formations was measured using collision induced dissociation and showed a strong dependence with the type of salt bridge ( i.e. , a CE 50 of 10.0, 11.5, 11.8 and 13.0 eV was observed for [2M + H] 3+ , [2M − H + NH 4 ] 3+ , [2M + Na] 3+ and [2M + K] 3+ , respectively). Measurements of the dimer equilibrium constant showed that the salt bridge interactions increase the binding strength of the dimeric species.« less