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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available August 1, 2024
  2. Increasing sample dimensions in high‐pressure torsion (HPT) processing affects load and torque requirements, deformation distribution, and heating. Finite‐element modeling (FEM) and experiments are used to investigate the effect of technical parameters on the scaling up of HPT. Simulations confirm that axial load and torque requirements are proportional to the square and the cube of the sample radius, respectively. The temperature rise also displays a pronounced dependency on the radius. Decreasing the diameter‐to‐thickness ratio can cause heterogeneity in strain distribution along the thickness direction at the edges of the sample. Such heterogeneity is governed by friction conditions between the material and the lateral wall of the anvil depression. Simulation of HPT processing of ring‐shaped samples shows that it is possible to reach more homogeneous distribution of strain and flow stress in the processed material. Experiments using magnesium confirm a tendency for strain localization in the early stage of HPT processing but increasing the number of turns increases the homogeneity of the material. The embodied energy in HPT processing is discussed.

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  3. There has been a great interest in evaluating the potential of severe plastic deformation (SPD) to improve the performance of magnesium for biological applications. However, different properties and trends, including some contradictions, have been reported. The present study critically reviews the structural features, mechanical properties, corrosion behavior and biological response of magnesium and its alloys processed by SPD, with an emphasis on equal-channel angular pressing (ECAP) and high-pressure torsion (HPT). The unique mechanism of grain refinement in magnesium processed via ECAP causes a large scatter in the final structure, and these microstructural differences can affect the properties and produce difficulties in establishing trends. However, the recent advances in ECAP processing and the increased availability of data from samples produced via HPT clarify that grain refinement can indeed improve the mechanical properties and corrosion resistance without compromising the biological response. It is shown that processing via SPD has great potential for improving the performance of magnesium for biological applications. 
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  4. null (Ed.)
  5. The cold angular rolling process (CARP) is being developed as a continuous severe plastic deformation technique, which can process metal sheets without any length limitations at room temperature. CARP contains cold rolling and equal‐channel angular process components. The sheet thickness is kept consistent before and after CARP, allowing multiple passes of the sheet. The desired microstructure and mechanical properties can be achieved in the processed metallic sheets. The current study is aimed to evaluate the capability of CARP by processing copper sheets with different sheet widths for repetitive passes. The CARP‐treated sheets are examined by lab‐scale X‐ray and high‐energy synchrotron X‐ray diffraction to investigate the evolution in dislocation density, texture, and strain anisotropy, and by tensile testing to identify the bulk mechanical properties. The digital image correlation method is applied to tensile testing so that strain localization within the sample gauge is visualized and deformation behavior is evaluated after yielding till postnecking by estimating the hardening exponent and strain hardening rate of the CARP‐treated sheet. Comparing the reported continuous and multiple‐step processes on Cu and its alloys, the present study confirms that the CARP is potentially a useful sheet process for strengthening ductile metals.

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  6. null (Ed.)
    The processing of bulk metals through the application of severe plastic deformation (SPD), using procedures such as equal-channel angular pressing (ECAP) and high-pressure torsion (HPT), is now well established for the fabrication of materials with exceptionally small grain sizes, usually in the submicrometer range and often having grain sizes at the nanometer level. These grain sizes cannot be achieved using thermo-mechanical processing or any conventional processing techniques. Recently, these procedures have been further developed to process alternative advanced materials. For example, by stacking separate disks within the HPT facility for the synthesis of bulk nanocrystalline metastable alloys where it is possible to achieve exceptionally high hardness, or by pressing powders or metallic particles in order to obtain new and novel nanocomposites exhibiting unusual properties. 
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