skip to main content

Attention:

The NSF Public Access Repository (NSF-PAR) system and access will be unavailable from 11:00 PM ET on Friday, May 17 until 8:00 AM ET on Saturday, May 18 due to maintenance. We apologize for the inconvenience.


Search for: All records

Creators/Authors contains: "Fink, Olga"

Note: When clicking on a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) number, you will be taken to an external site maintained by the publisher. Some full text articles may not yet be available without a charge during the embargo (administrative interval).
What is a DOI Number?

Some links on this page may take you to non-federal websites. Their policies may differ from this site.

  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 1, 2024
  2. Abstract

    Interacting particle systems play a key role in science and engineering. Access to the governing particle interaction law is fundamental for a complete understanding of such systems. However, the inherent system complexity keeps the particle interaction hidden in many cases. Machine learning methods have the potential to learn the behavior of interacting particle systems by combining experiments with data analysis methods. However, most existing algorithms focus on learning the kinetics at the particle level. Learning pairwise interaction, e.g., pairwise force or pairwise potential energy, remains an open challenge. Here, we propose an algorithm that adapts the Graph Networks framework, which contains an edge part to learn the pairwise interaction and a node part to model the dynamics at particle level. Different from existing approaches that use neural networks in both parts, we design a deterministic operator in the node part that allows to precisely infer the pairwise interactions that are consistent with underlying physical laws by only being trained to predict the particle acceleration. We test the proposed methodology on multiple datasets and demonstrate that it achieves superior performance in inferring correctly the pairwise interactions while also being consistent with the underlying physics on all the datasets. While the previously proposed approaches are able to be applied as simulators, they fail to infer physically consistent particle interactions that satisfy Newton’s laws. Moreover, the proposed physics-induced graph network for particle interaction also outperforms the other baseline models in terms of generalization ability to larger systems and robustness to significant levels of noise. The developed methodology can support a better understanding and discovery of the underlying particle interaction laws, and hence, guide the design of materials with targeted properties.

     
    more » « less