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Creators/Authors contains: "Foss-Feig, Michael"

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  1. We consider estimating the magnitude of a monochromatic AC signal that couples to a two-level sensor. For any detection protocol, the precision achieved depends on the signal's frequency and can be quantified by the quantum Fisher information. To study limitations in broadband sensing, we introduce the integrated quantum Fisher information and derive inequality bounds that embody fundamental tradeoffs in any sensing protocol. These inequalities show that sensitivity in one frequency range must come at a cost of reduced sensitivity elsewhere. For many protocols, including those with small phase accumulation and those consisting of π-pulses, we find the integrated Fisher information scales linearly with T. We also find protocols with substantial phase accumulation can have integrated QFI that grows quadratically with T, which is optimal. These protocols may allow the very rapid detection of a signal with unknown frequency over a very wide bandwidth. 
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