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  1. This project, titled Collective Argumentation Learning and Coding (CALC), is based on our belief that if teachers had an instructional approach that allowed them to teach coding alongside mathematics and science in integrated ways, then coding would become a mainstream subject taught in the elementary school curriculum. However, few practicing elementary school teachers have the academic backgrounds that allow them to teach coding in a manner that goes beyond allowing students to learn how to code through trial-and-error experimentation and as an additive learning activity such as an after-school program. Teachers at our partnering school district have completed the first design of a prototype CALC course, where they used collective argumentation to learn how to code educational robotics. Overall, the implementation of the CALC approach demonstrates the growth of the teachers in their ability to teach coding as a reasoning process and as a mean to integrate it into everyday classroom activities. 
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  2. This project, titled Collective Argumentation Learning and Coding (CALC), is based on our belief that if teachers had an instructional approach that allowed them to teach coding alongside mathematics and science in integrated ways, then coding would become a mainstream subject taught in the elementary school curriculum. However, few practicing elementary school teachers have the academic backgrounds that allow them to teach coding in a manner that goes beyond allowing students to learn how to code through trial-and-error experimentation and as an additive learning activity such as an after-school program. Teachers at our partnering school district have completed the first design of a prototype CALC course, where they used collective argumentation to learn how to code educational robotics. Overall, the implementation of the CALC approach demonstrates the growth of the teachers in their ability to teach coding as a reasoning process and as a mean to integrate it into everyday classroom activities. 
    more » « less