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  1. Abstract Conventional, hadronic matter consists of baryons and mesons made of three quarks and a quark–antiquark pair, respectively 1,2 . Here, we report the observation of a hadronic state containing four quarks in the Large Hadron Collider beauty experiment. This so-called tetraquark contains two charm quarks, a $$\overline{{{{{u}}}}}$$ u ¯ and a $$\overline{{{{{d}}}}}$$ d ¯ quark. This exotic state has a mass of approximately 3,875 MeV and manifests as a narrow peak in the mass spectrum of D 0 D 0 π + mesons just below the D *+ D 0 mass threshold. The near-threshold mass together with the narrow widthmore »reveals the resonance nature of the state.« less
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available July 1, 2023
  2. A bstract A precision measurement of the Z boson production cross-section at $$ \sqrt{\mathrm{s}} $$ s = 13 TeV in the forward region is presented, using pp collision data collected by the LHCb detector, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 5.1 fb − 1 . The production cross-section is measured using Z → μ + μ − events within the fiducial region defined as pseudorapidity 2 . 0 < η < 4 . 5 and transverse momentum p T > 20 GeV /c for both muons and dimuon invariant mass 60 < M μμ < 120 GeV /c 2 .more »The integrated cross-section is determined to be $$ \sigma \left(Z\to {\mu}^{+}{\mu}^{-}\right)=196.4\pm 0.2\pm 1.6\pm 3.9\ \mathrm{pb}, $$ σ Z → μ + μ − = 196.4 ± 0.2 ± 1.6 ± 3.9 pb , where the first uncertainty is statistical, the second is systematic, and the third is due to the luminosity determination. The measured results are in agreement with theoretical predictions within uncertainties.« less
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available July 1, 2023
  3. A bstract Coherent production of J/ψ mesons is studied in ultraperipheral lead-lead collisions at a nucleon-nucleon centre-of-mass energy of 5 TeV, using a data sample collected by the LHCb experiment corresponding to an integrated luminosity of about 10 μb −1 . The J/ψ mesons are reconstructed in the dimuon final state and are required to have transverse momentum below 1 GeV. The cross-section within the rapidity range of 2 . 0 < y < 4 . 5 is measured to be 4 . 45 ± 0 . 24 ± 0 . 18 ± 0 . 58 mb, where the firstmore »uncertainty is statistical, the second systematic and the third originates from the luminosity determination. The cross-section is also measured in J/ψ rapidity intervals. The results are compared to predictions from phenomenological models.« less
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available July 1, 2023
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  9. A bstract Searches for rare $$ {B}_s^0 $$ B s 0 and B 0 decays into four muons are performed using proton-proton collision data recorded by the LHCb experiment, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 9 fb − 1 . Direct decays and decays via light scalar and J/ψ resonances are considered. No evidence for the six decays searched for is found and upper limits at the 95% confidence level on their branching fractions ranging between 1 . 8 × 10 − 10 and 2 . 6 × 10 − 9 are set.
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available March 1, 2023
  10. Abstract The multihadron decays $$ {\Lambda}_b^0 $$ Λ b 0 → D + pπ−π− and $$ {\Lambda}_b^0 $$ Λ b 0 → D * + pπ−π− are observed in data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 3 fb − 1 , collected in proton-proton collisions at centre-of-mass energies of 7 and 8 TeV by the LHCb detector. Using the decay $$ {\Lambda}_b^0 $$ Λ b 0 → $$ {\Lambda}_c^{+} $$ Λ c + π + π − π − as a normalisation channel, the ratio of branching fractions is measured to be $$ \frac{\mathcal{B}\left({\Lambda}_b^0\to {D}^{+}p{\pi}^{-}{\pi}^{-}\right)}{\mathcal{B}\left({\Lambda}_b^0\to {\Lambda}_c^0{\pi}^{+}{\pi}^{-}{\pi}^{-}\right)}\times \frac{\mathcal{B}\left({D}^{+}\to {K}^{-}{\pi}^{+}{\pi}^{+}\right)}{\mathcal{B}\left({\Lambda}_c^0\to {pK}^{-}{\pi}^{-}\right)}=\left(5.35\pm 0.21\pmmore »0.16\right)\%, $$ B Λ b 0 → D + p π − π − B Λ b 0 → Λ c 0 π + π − π − × B D + → K − π + π + B Λ c 0 → pK − π − = 5.35 ± 0.21 ± 0.16 % , where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second systematic. The ratio of branching fractions for the $$ {\Lambda}_b^0 $$ Λ b 0 → D *+ pπ − π − and $$ {\Lambda}_b^0 $$ Λ b 0 → D + pπ − π − decays is found to be $$ \frac{\mathcal{B}\left({\Lambda}_b^0\to {D}^{\ast +}p{\pi}^{-}{\pi}^{-}\right)}{\mathcal{B}\left({\Lambda}_b^0\to {D}^{+}p{\pi}^{-}{\pi}^{-}\right)}\times \left(\mathcal{B}\left({D}^{\ast +}\to {D}^{+}{\pi}^0\right)+\mathcal{B}\left({D}^{\ast +}\to {D}^{+}\gamma \right)\right)=\left(61.3\pm 4.3\pm 4.0\right)\%. $$ B Λ b 0 → D ∗ + p π − π − B Λ b 0 → D + p π − π − × B D ∗ + → D + π 0 + B D ∗ + → D + γ = 61.3 ± 4.3 ± 4.0 % .« less
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available March 1, 2023