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  1. Fugitive methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions at municipal solid waste (MSW) landfills constitute one of the major anthropogenic sources of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions to the atmosphere. In recent years, biocovers involving the addition of organic-rich amendments to landfill cover soils is proposed to promote microbial oxidation of CH4 to CO2. However, most of the organic amendments used have limitations. Biochar, a solid byproduct obtained from gasification of biomass under anoxic or low oxygen conditions, has characteristics that are favorable for enhanced microbial oxidation in landfill covers. Recent investigations have shown the significant potential of biochar-amended cover soilsmore »in mitigating the CH4 emissions from MSW landfills. Although the CH4 emissions are mitigated, there is still considerable amount of CO2 that is emitted to the atmosphere as a result of microbial oxidation of CH4 in landfill covers as well as the CO2 derived from MSW decomposition. Basic oxygen furnace (BOF) slag is a product of steel making has great potential for CO2 sequestration due to its strong alkaline buffering and high carbonation capacity. In an ongoing project, funded by the U.S. National Science Foundation, the potential use of BOF slag in landfill covers along with biochar-amended soils to mitigate both CH4 and CO2 emissions is being investigated. This paper presents the initial results from this study and it includes detailed physical and chemical and leachability characteristics of BOF slag, and a series of batch tests conducted on BOF slag to determine its CH4 and CO2 uptake capacity. The effect of moisture content on the carbonation capacity of BOF slag was also evaluated by conducting batch tests at different moisture contents. In addition, small column experiments were conducted to evaluate the gas migration, transport parameters and the CO2 sequestration potential of BOF slag under simulated landfill gas conditions. The result from the batch and column tests show a significant uptake of CO2 by BOF slag for the tested conditions and demonstrates excellent potential for its use in a landfill cover system.« less
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