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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available May 3, 2024
  2. Hydrogen spillover involves the migration of H atom equivalents from metal nanoparticles to a support. While well documented, H spillover is poorly understood and largely unquantified. Here we measure weak, reversible H2 adsorption on Au/TiO2 catalysts, and extract the surface concentration of spilled-over hydrogen. The spillover species (H*) is best described as a loosely coupled proton/electron pair distributed across the titania surface hydroxyls. In stark contrast to traditional gas adsorption systems, H* adsorption increases with temperature. This unexpected adsorption behaviour has two origins. First, entropically favourable adsorption results from high proton mobility and configurational surface entropy. Second, the number of spillover sites increases with temperature, due to increasing hydroxyl acid–base equilibrium constants. Increased H* adsorption correlates with the associated changes in titania surface zwitterion concentration. This study provides a quantitative assessment of how hydroxyl surface chemistry impacts spillover thermodynamics, and contributes to the general understanding of spillover phenomena. 
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available August 1, 2024
  3. Abstract

    Designing robust catalysts for low‐temperature oxidation is pertinent to the development of advanced combustion engines to meet increasingly stringent emissions limitations. Oxidation of CO, hydrocarbon, and NO pollutants over platinum‐group catalysts suffer from strong inhibition due to their competitive adsorption, while coinage metals are generally slow at activating O2. Through computational screening, we discovered a PdCu alloy catalyst that completely oxidizes CO below 150 °C without inhibition by NO, propylene or water. This is attributed primarily to geometric effects and the presence of CO bound to Pd sites within the Cu‐rich surface of the PdCu alloy. We demonstrate that the novel PdCu catalyst can be used in tandem with a PtPd catalyst to achieve sequential, inhibition‐free, complete oxidation of CO in a two‐bed system, while also achieving 50 % NO conversion below 120 °C. Moreover, neither water nor propylene adversely affect the low temperature CO oxidation activity.

     
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