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  1. Abstract

    Iron garnets that combine robust perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (PMA) with low Gilbert damping are desirable for studies of magnetization dynamics as well as spintronic device development. This paper reports the magnetic properties of low‐damping bismuth‐substituted iron garnet thin films (Bi0.8Y2.2Fe5O12) grown on a series of single‐crystal gallium garnet substrates. The anisotropy is dominated by magnetoelastic and growth‐induced contributions. Both stripe and triangular domains form during field cycling of PMA films, with triangular domains evident in films with higher PMA. Ferromagnetic resonance measurements show damping as low as 1.3 × 10−4with linewidths of 2.7 to 5.0 mT. The lower bound for the spin‐mixing conductance of BiYIG/Pt bilayers is similar to that of other iron garnet/Pt bilayers.

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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available October 1, 2024
  2. Free, publicly-accessible full text available February 1, 2024
  3. Training the future synthetic biology workforce requires the opportunity for students to be exposed to biotechnology concepts and activities in secondary education. Detecting Wolbachia bacteria in arthropods using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) has become a common way for secondary students to investigate and apply recombinant DNA technology in the science classroom. Despite this important activity, cutting-edge biotechnologies such as clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat (CRISPR)-based diagnostics have yet to be widely implemented in the classroom. To address this gap, we present a freeze-dried CRISPR-Cas12 sensing reaction to complement traditional recombinant DNA technology education and teach synthetic biology concepts. The reactions accurately detect Wolbachia from arthropod-derived PCR samples in under 2 h and can be stored at room temperature for over a month without appreciable degradation. The reactions are easy-to-use and cost less than $40 to implement for a classroom of 22 students including the cost of reusable equipment. We see these freeze-dried CRISPR-Cas12 reactions as an accessible way to incorporate synthetic biology education into the existing biology curriculum, which will expand biology educational opportunities in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics. 
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  4. Given the ongoing socio-ecological crises, higher education institutions need curricular interventions to support students in developing the knowledge, skills, and perspectives needed to create a sustainable future. Campus farms are increasingly becoming sites for sustainability and environmental education toward this end. This paper describes the design and outcomes of a farm-situated place-based experiential learning (PBEL) intervention in two undergraduate biology courses and one environmental studies course over two academic years. We conducted a mixed-method study using pre/post-surveys and focus groups to examine the relationship between the PBEL intervention and students’ sense of place and expressions of pro-environmentalism. The quantitative analysis indicated measurable shifts in students’ place attachment and place-meaning scores. The qualitative findings illustrate a complex relationship between students’ academic/career interests, backgrounds, and pro-environmentalism. We integrated these findings to generate a model of sustainability learning through PBEL and argue for deepening learning to encourage active participation in socio-ecological change. 
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  5. Nuclear pore complexes (NPCs) are large proteinaceous assemblies that mediate nuclear compartmentalization. NPCs undergo large-scale structural rearrangements during mitosis in metazoans and some fungi. However, our understanding of NPC remodeling beyond mitosis remains limited. Using time-lapse fluorescence microscopy, we discovered that NPCs undergo two mechanistically separable remodeling events during budding yeast meiosis in which parts or all of the nuclear basket transiently dissociate from the NPC core during meiosis I and II, respectively. Meiosis I detachment, observed for Nup60 and Nup2, is driven by Polo kinase-mediated phosphorylation of Nup60 at its interface with the Y-complex. Subsequent reattachment of Nup60-Nup2 to the NPC core is facilitated by a lipid-binding amphipathic helix in Nup60. Preventing Nup60-Nup2 reattachment causes misorganization of the entire nuclear basket in gametes. Strikingly, meiotic nuclear basket remodeling also occurs in the distantly related fission yeast, Schizosaccharomyces pombe. Our study reveals a conserved and developmentally programmed aspect of NPC plasticity, providing key mechanistic insights into the nuclear basket organization.

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