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  1. Abstract

    We develop a computational framework for the stochastic and dynamic modeling of regional natural catastrophe losses with an insurance industry to support government decision‐making for hurricane risk management. The analysis captures the temporal changes in the building inventory due to the acquisition (buyouts) of high‐risk properties and the vulnerability of the building stock due to retrofit mitigation decisions. The system is comprised of a set of interacting models to (1) simulate hazard events; (2) estimate regional hurricane‐induced losses from each hazard event based on an evolving building inventory; (3) capture acquisition offer acceptance, retrofit implementation, and insurance purchase behaviors of homeowners; and (4) represent an insurance market sensitive to demand with strategically interrelated primary insurers. This framework is linked to a simulation‐optimization model to optimize decision‐making by a government entity whose objective is to minimize region‐wide hurricane losses. We examine the effect of different policies on homeowner mitigation, insurance take‐up rate, insurer profit, and solvency in a case study using data for eastern North Carolina. Our findings indicate that an approach that coordinates insurance, retrofits, and acquisition of high‐risk properties effectively reduces total (uninsured and insured) losses.

     
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