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  1. Excitons can be trapped by moiré potentials in van der Waals (vdW) heterostructures, forming ordered arrays of quantum dots. Excitons can also be trapped by defect potentials as single photon emitters. While the moiré and defect potentials in vdW heterostructures have been studied separately, their interplay remains largely unexplored. Here, we perform first-principles calculations to elucidate the interplay of the two potentials in determining the optoelectronic properties of twisted MoS 2 /WS 2 heterobilayers. The binding energy, charge density, localization, and hybridization of the moiré excitons can be modulated by the competition and cooperation of the two potentials. Their interplay can also be tuned by vertical electric fields, which can either de-trap the excitons or strongly localize them. One can further tailor the interplay of the two potentials via defect engineering to create one-dimensional exciton lattices with tunable orientations. Our work establishes defect engineering as a promising strategy to realize on-demand optoelectronic responses. 
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  2. null (Ed.)
    Moiré superlattices in van der Waals (vdW) heterostructures could trap long-lived interlayer excitons. These moiré excitons could form ordered quantum dot arrays, paving the way for unprecedented optoelectronic and quantum information applications. Here, we perform first-principles simulations to shed light on moiré excitons in twisted MoS 2 /WS 2 heterostructures. We provide direct evidence of localized interlayer moiré excitons in vdW heterostructures. The interlayer and intralayer moiré potentials are mapped out based on spatial modulations of energy gaps. Nearly flat valence bands are observed in the heterostructures. The dependence of spatial localization and binding energy of the moiré excitons on the twist angle of the heterostructures is examined. We explore how vertical electric field can be tuned to control the position, polarity, emission energy, and hybridization strength of the moiré excitons. We predict that alternating electric fields could modulate the dipole moments of hybridized moiré excitons and suppress their diffusion in moiré lattices. 
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