Note: When clicking on a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) number, you will be taken to an external site maintained by the publisher.
Some full text articles may not yet be available without a charge during the embargo (administrative interval).
What is a DOI Number?
Some links on this page may take you to non-federal websites. Their policies may differ from this site.
The theory behind the electrical switching of antiferromagnets is premised on the existence of a well-defined broken symmetry state that can be rotated to encode information. A spin glass is, in many ways, the antithesis of this state, characterized by an ergodic landscape of nearly degenerate magnetic configurations, choosing to freeze into a distribution of these in a manner that is seemingly bereft of information. Here, we show that the coexistence of spin glass and antiferromagnetic order allows a novel mechanism to facilitate the switching of the antiferromagnet Fe 1/3 + δ NbS 2 , rooted in the electrically stimulated collective winding of the spin glass. The local texture of the spin glass opens an anisotropic channel of interaction that can be used to rotate the equilibrium orientation of the antiferromagnetic state. Manipulating antiferromagnetic spin textures using a spin glass’ collective dynamics opens the field of antiferromagnetic spintronics to new material platforms with complex magnetic textures.
The inside of a cell is very organized. Just as bodies contain internal organs, cells contain many different compartments, called ‘organelles’, each with its own specific role. Most organelles are surrounded by a membrane that keeps their contents separate from the cytoplasm, the water-based liquid inside the rest of the cell. Some organelles, however, are not bounded by a membrane. Instead, they act like tiny drops of oil in water, retaining their structure because they have different physical properties from the fluid around them, a phenomenon called liquid-liquid phase separation. One such organelle is the nucleolus, which sits inside the cell’s nucleus (a membrane-bound organelle containing all the genetic material of the cell in the form of DNA). The nucleolus’s job is to produce ribosomes, the cellular machines that, once transported out of the nucleus, will make proteins. Human cells start with 10 small nucleoli in the nucleus, which fuse together until only one or two larger ones remain. Previous research showed that nucleoli form and persist thanks to liquid-liquid phase separation, and they behave like liquid droplets. Despite this, exactly how nucleoli interact with each other and with the fluid environment in the rest of the nucleus remained unknown.more »