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    We re-examine the extremely metal-poor dwarf galaxy AGC 198691 using a high quality spectrum obtained by the LBT’s MODS instrument. Previous spectral observations obtained from KOSMOS on the Mayall 4-m and the Blue channel spectrograph on the MMT 6.5-m telescope did not allow for the determination of sulfur, argon, or helium abundances. We report an updated and full chemical abundance analysis for AGC 198691, including confirmation of the extremely low “direct” oxygen abundance with a value of 12 + log (O/H) = 7.06 ± 0.03. AGC 198691’s low metallicity potentially makes it a high value target for helping determine the primordial helium abundance (Yp). Though complicated by a Na i night sky line partially overlaying the He i λ5876 emission line, the LBT/MODS spectrum proved adequate for determining AGC 198691’s helium abundance. We employ the recently expanded and improved model of Aver et al., incorporating higher Balmer and Paschen lines, augmented by the observation of the infrared helium emission line He i λ10830 obtained by Hsyu et al. Applying our full model produced a reliable helium abundance determination, consistent with the expectation for its metallicity. Although this is the lowest metallicity object with a detailed helium abundance, unfortunately, due to its faintness [EW(Hβ) < 100 Å] and the compromised He imore »λ5876, the resultant uncertainty on the helium abundance is too large to allow a significant improvement on the measurement of Yp.

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  2. Abstract We present results of a wide-field (approximately 60 × 90 pc) Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array mosaic of CO(2–1) and 13 CO(2–1) emission from the molecular cloud associated with the 30 Doradus star-forming region in the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC). Three main emission complexes, including two forming a bow-tie-shaped structure extending northeast and southwest from the central R136 cluster, are resolved into complex filamentary networks. Consistent with previous studies, we find that the central region of the cloud has higher line widths at a fixed size relative to the rest of the molecular cloud and to other LMC clouds, indicating an enhanced level of turbulent motions. However, there is no clear trend in gravitational boundedness (as measured by the virial parameter) with distance from R136. Structures observed in 13 CO are spatially coincident with filaments and are close to a state of virial equilibrium. In contrast, 12 CO structures vary greatly in virialization, with low CO surface brightness structures outside of the main filamentary network being predominantly unbound. The low surface brightness structures constitute ∼10% of the measured CO luminosity; they may be shredded remnants of previously star-forming gas clumps, or alternatively the CO-emitting parts of more massive, CO-dark structures.
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available June 1, 2023
  3. We present new multi-configuration VLA HI spectral line imaging of the dwarf galaxies AGC 198691 (hereafter, Leoncino) and UGC 5186. Leoncino is one of 82 galaxies in the "Survey of HI in Extremely Low-mass Dwarfs" ("SHIELD"), a multi-wavelength investigation of low-mass galaxies that were cataloged by the Arecibo Legacy Fast ALFA (ALFALFA) survey. Leoncino is one of the lowest metallicity galaxies known in the local universe (Hirschauer et al. 2016). A single pointing with the VLA allows us to study the HI morphology and dynamics of both galaxies simultaneously. We present HI images at a variety of angular resolutions in order to explore both the global and the resolved properties of the neutral ISM.