It was recently shown that (near)extremal Kerr black holes are sensitive probes of small higherderivative corrections to general relativity. In particular, these corrections produce diverging tidal forces on the horizon in the extremal limit. We show that adding a black hole charge makes this effect qualitatively stronger. Higherderivative corrections to the KerrNewman solution produce tidal forces that scale inversely in the black hole temperature. We find that, unlike the Kerr case, for realistic values of the black hole charge large tidal forces can arise before quantum corrections due to the Schwarzian mode become important, so that the nearhorizon behavior of the black hole is dictated by higherderivative terms in the effective theory.
Note: When clicking on a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) number, you will be taken to an external site maintained by the publisher.
Some full text articles may not yet be available without a charge during the embargo (administrative interval).
What is a DOI Number?
Some links on this page may take you to nonfederal websites. Their policies may differ from this site.

A<sc>bstract</sc> Free, publiclyaccessible full text available May 1, 2025 
Matter falling into a SchwarzschildAdS black hole from the left causes increased focussing of ingoing geodesics from the right, and, as a consequence, they reach the singularity sooner. In a standard Penrose diagram, the singularity “bends down”. We show how to detect this feature of the singularity holographically, using a boundary twopoint function. We model the matter with a shock wave, and show that this bending down of the singularity can be read off from a novel analytic continuation of the boundary twopoint function. Along the way, we obtain a generalization of the recently proposed thermal product formula for twopoint correlators.
Free, publiclyaccessible full text available January 1, 2025 
Free, publiclyaccessible full text available August 1, 2024

A bstract In holography, the IR behavior of a quantum system at nonzero density is described by the near horizon geometry of an extremal charged black hole. It is commonly believed that for systems on S 3 , this near horizon geometry is AdS 2 × S 3 . We show that this is not the case: generic static, nonspherical perturbations of AdS 2 × S 3 blow up at the horizon, showing that it is not a stable IR fixed point. We then construct a new near horizon geometry which is invariant under only SO(3) (and not SO(4)) symmetry and show that it is stable to SO(3)preserving perturbations (but not in general). We also show that an open set of nonextremal, SO(3)invariant charged black holes develop this new near horizon geometry in the limit T → 0. Our new IR geometry still has AdS 2 symmetry, but it is warped over a deformed sphere. We also construct many other near horizon geometries, including some with no rotational symmetries, but expect them all to be unstable IR fixed points.more » « less

A bstract We investigate the geometry near the horizon of a generic, fourdimensional extremal black hole. When the cosmological constant is negative, we show that (in almost all cases) tidal forces diverge as one crosses the horizon, and this singularity is stronger for larger black holes. In particular, this applies to generic nonspherical black holes, such as those satisfying inhomogeneous boundary conditions. Nevertheless, all scalar curvature invariants remain finite. Moreover, we show that nonextremal black holes have tidal forces that diverge in the extremal limit. Holographically, this singularity is reflected in anomalous scaling of the specific heat with temperature. Similar (albeit weaker) effects are present when the cosmological constant is positive, but not when it vanishes.more » « less

Abstract In general relativity (without matter), there is typically a one parameter family of static, maximally symmetric black hole solutions labeled by their mass. We show that there are situations with many more black holes. We study asymptotically antide Sitter solutions in six and seven dimensions having a conformal boundary which is a product of spheres cross time. We show that the number of families of static, maximally symmetric black holes depends on the ratio, λ , of the radii of the boundary spheres. As λ approaches a critical value, λ c , the number of such families becomes infinite. In each family, we can take the size of the black hole to zero, obtaining an infinite number of static, maximally symmetric nonblack hole solutions. We discuss several applications of these results, including Hawking–Page phase transitions and the phase diagram of dual field theories on a product of spheres, new positive energy conjectures, and more.more » « less

A bstract We study charged perturbations of the thermofield double state dual to a charged AdS black hole. We model the perturbation by a massless charged shell in the bulk. Unlike the neutral case, all such shells bounce at a definite radius, which can be behind the horizon. We show that the standard “shock wave” calculation of a scrambling time indicates that adding charge increases the scrambling time. We then give two arguments using the bounce that suggest that scrambling does not actually take longer when charge is added, but instead its onset is delayed. We also construct a boundary four point function which detects whether the shell bounces inside the black hole.more » « less

A bstract We study a family of fourdimensional, asymptotically flat, charged black holes that develop (charged) scalar hair as one increases their charge at fixed mass. Surprisingly, the maximum charge for given mass is a nonsingular hairy black hole with nonzero Hawking temperature. The implications for Hawking evaporation are discussed.more » « less

A bstract We study the interior of a recently constructed family of asymptotically flat, charged black holes that develop (charged) scalar hair as one increases their charge at fixed mass. Inside the horizon, these black holes resemble the interior of a holographic superconductor. There are analogs of the Josephson oscillations of the scalar field, and the final Kasner singularity depends very sensitively on the black hole parameters near the onset of the instability. In an appendix, we give a general argument that Cauchy horizons cannot exist in a large class of stationary black holes with scalar hair.more » « less

null (Ed.)A bstract Holographic duality implies that the geometric properties of the gravitational bulk theory should be encoded in the dual field theory. These naturally include the metric on dimensions that become compact near the conformal boundary, as is the case for any asymptotically locally AdS n × $$ \mathbbm{S} $$ S k spacetime. Almost all previous work on metric reconstruction ignores these dimensions and would thus at most apply to dimensionallyreduced metrics. In this work, we generalize the approach to bulk reconstruction using lightcone cuts and propose a prescription to obtain the full higherdimensional metric of generic spacetimes up to an overall conformal factor. We first extend the definition of lightcone cuts to include information about the asymptotic compact dimensions, and show that the full conformal metric can be recovered from these extended cuts. We then give a prescription for obtaining these extended cuts from the dual field theory. The location of the usual cuts can still be obtained from bulkpoint singularities of correlators, and the new information in the extended cut can be extracted by using appropriate combinations of operators dual to KaluzaKlein modes of the higherdimensional bulk fields.more » « less