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Various hardware security solutions have been developed recently to help counter hardware level attacks such as hardware Trojan, integrated circuit (IC) counterfeiting and intellectual property (IP) clone/piracy. However, existing solutions often provide specific types of protections. While these solutions achieve great success in preventing even advanced hardware attacks, the compatibility of among these hardware security methods are rarely discussed. The inconsistency hampers with the development of a comprehensive solution for hardware IC and IP from various attacks. In this paper, we develop a security primitive generator to help solve the compatibility issue among different protection techniques. Specifically, we focus on two modern IC/IP protection methods, logic locking and watermarking. A combined locking and watermarking technique is developed based on enhanced finite state machines (FSMs). The security primitive generator will take user-specified constraints and automatically generate an FSM module to perform both logic locking and watermarking. The generated FSM can be integrated into any designs for protection. Our experimental results show that the generator can facilitate circuit protection and provide the flexibility for users to achieve a better tradeoff between security levels and design overheads.
Attacks which combine software vulnerabilities and hardware vulnerabilities are emerging security problems. Although the runtime verification or remote attestation can determine the correctness of a system, existing methods suffer from inflexible security policy setup and high performance overheads. Meanwhile, they rarely focus on addressing the threat in the RISC-V architecture, which provides an open Instruction Set Architecture (ISA) of the processsor. In this paper, we propose a comprehensive software and hardware co-verification method to protect the entire RISC-V system in the runtime. The proposed method adopts the Dynamic Information Flow Tracking (DIFT) framework to implement a new Verifier and Prover security architecture for supporting runtime software and hardware coverification. We realize a FPGA prototype on the Rocket-Chip, an RISC-V open-source processor core. The framework is implemented as a co-processor which do not change the architecture of main processor core and the new security architecture can be integrated with other RISC-V processors.