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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available April 1, 2024
  2. Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 1, 2023
  3. Controlling nanoporosity to favorably alter multiple properties in layered crystalline inorganic thin films is a challenge. Here, we demonstrate that the thermoelectric and mechanical properties of Ca 3 Co 4 O 9 films can be engineered through nanoporosity control by annealing multiple Ca(OH) 2 /Co 3 O 4 reactant bilayers with characteristic bilayer thicknesses (b t ). Our results show that doubling b t , e.g. , from 12 to 26 nm, more than triples the average pore size from ∼120 nm to ∼400 nm and increases the pore fraction from 3% to 17.1%. The higher porosity film exhibits not only a 50% higher electrical conductivity of σ ∼ 90 S cm −1 and a high Seebeck coefficient of α ∼ 135 μV K −1 , but also a thermal conductivity as low as κ ∼ 0.87 W m −1 K −1 . The nanoporous Ca 3 Co 4 O 9 films exhibit greater mechanical compliance and resilience to bending than the bulk. These results indicate that annealing reactant multilayers with controlled thicknesses is an attractive way to engineer nanoporosity and realize mechanically flexible oxide-based thermoelectric materials.
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available August 11, 2023
  4. Density functional theory studies show that the lowest energy C 4 F 8 Fe(CO) 4 structure is not the very stable experimentally known ferracyclopentane isomer (CF 2 CF 2 CF 2 CF 2 )Fe(CO) 4 obtained from Fe(CO) 12 and tetrafluoroethylene. Instead isomeric (perfluoroolefin)Fe(CO) 4 structures derived from perfluoro-2-butene, perfluoro-1-butene, and perfluoro-2-methylpropene are significantly lower energy structures by up to ∼17 kcal mol −1 . However, the activation energies for the required fluorine shifts from one carbon to an adjacent carbon atom to form these (perfluoroolefin)Fe(CO) 4 complexes from tetrafluoroethylene are very high ( e.g. , ∼70 kcal mol −1 ). Therefore the ferracyclopentane isomer (CF 2 CF 2 CF 2 CF 2 )Fe(CO) 4 , which does not require a fluorine shift to form from Fe 3 (CO) 12 and tetrafluoroethylene, is the kinetically favored product. The lowest energy structures of the binuclear (C 4 F 8 ) 2 Fe 2 (CO) n ( n = 7, 6) derivatives have bridging perfluorocarbene ligands and terminal perfluoroolefin ligands.