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  1. Motivated by recent progress in data assimilation, we develop an algorithm to dynamically learn the parameters of a chaotic system from partial observations. Under reasonable assumptions, we supply a rigorous analytical proof that guarantees the convergence of this algorithm to the true parameter values when the system in question is the classic three-dimensional Lorenz system. Such a result appears to be the first of its kind for dynamical parameter estimation of nonlinear systems. Computationally, we demonstrate the efficacy of this algorithm on the Lorenz system by recovering any proper subset of the three non-dimensional parameters of the system, so long as a corresponding subset of the state is observable. We moreover probe the limitations of the algorithm by identifying dynamical regimes under which certain parameters cannot be effectively inferred having only observed certain state variables. In such cases, modifications to the algorithm are proposed that ultimately result in recovery of the parameter. Lastly, computational evidence is provided that supports the efficacy of the algorithm well beyond the hypotheses specified by the theorem, including in the presence of noisy observations, stochastic forcing, and the case where the observations are discrete and sparse in time.

  2. We study the computational efficiency of several nudging data assimilation algorithms for the 2D magnetohydrodynamic equations, using varying amounts and types of data. We find that the algorithms work with much less resolution in the data than required by the rigorous estimates in [7]. We also test other abridged nudging algorithms to which the analytic techniques in [7] do not seem to apply. These latter tests indicate, in particular, that velocity data alone is sufficient for synchronization with a chaotic reference solution, while magnetic data alone is not. We demonstrate that a new nonlinear nudging algorithm, which is adaptive in both time and space, synchronizes at a super exponential rate. [7] A. Biswas, J. Hudson, A. Larios and Y. Pei, Continuous data assimilation for the 2D magnetohydrodynamic equations using one component of the velocity and magnetic fields, Asymptot. Anal., 108 (2018), 1-43.
  3. Described herein is the synthesis and photophysics of two tetranuclear copper complexes, {[3,5-(Pr i ) 2 ,4-(Br)Pz]Cu} 4 and {[3-(CF 3 ),5-(Bu t )Pz]Cu} 4 tailor-designed by manipulating the pyrazolyl ring substituents. Unlike their trinuclear analogues, the luminescence of the tetranuclear species is molecular (not supramolecular) in nature with extremely high solid-state quantum yields of ∼80% at room temperature.