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  1. A bstract We consider excited states in a CFT, obtained by applying a weak unitary perturbation to the vacuum. The perturbation is generated by the integral of a local operator J ( n ) of modular weight n over a spacelike surface passing through x = 0. For | n | ≥ 2 the modular Hamiltonian associated with a division of space at x = 0 picks up an endpoint contribution, sensitive to the details of the perturbation (including the shape of the spacelike surface) at x = 0. The endpoint contribution is a sum of light-ray moments of the perturbing operator J ( n ) and its descendants. For perturbations on null planes only moments of J ( n ) itself contribute. 
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  2. null (Ed.)
    A bstract We study a set of CFT operators suitable for reconstructing a charged bulk scalar field ϕ in AdS 3 (dual to an operator $$ \mathcal{O} $$ O of dimension ∆ in the CFT) in the presence of a conserved spin- n current in the CFT. One has to sum a tower of smeared non-primary scalars $$ {\partial}_{+}^m{J}^{(m)} $$ ∂ + m J m , where J ( m ) are primaries with twist ∆ and spin m built from $$ \mathcal{O} $$ O and the current. The coefficients of these operators can be fixed by demanding that bulk correlators are well-defined: with a simple ansatz this requirement allows us to calculate bulk correlators directly from the CFT. They are built from specific polynomials of the kinematic invariants up to a freedom to make field redefinitions. To order 1/ N this procedure captures the dressing of the bulk scalar field by a radial generalized Wilson line. 
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  3. null (Ed.)
    A bstract We compute modular Hamiltonians for excited states obtained by perturbing the vacuum with a unitary operator. We use operator methods and work to first order in the strength of the perturbation. For the most part we divide space in half and focus on perturbations generated by integrating a local operator J over a null plane. Local operators with weight n ≥ 2 under vacuum modular flow produce an additional endpoint contribution to the modular Hamiltonian. Intuitively this is because operators with weight n ≥ 2 can move degrees of freedom from a region to its complement. The endpoint contribution is an integral of J over a null plane. We show this in detail for stress tensor perturbations in two dimensions, where the result can be verified by a conformal transformation, and for scalar perturbations in a CFT. This lets us conjecture a general form for the endpoint contribution that applies to any field theory divided into half-spaces. 
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