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Abstract 3D printing in the textile and fashion industry is a new emerging technology. Applications of 3D printing for designing clothes and other wearable accessories require tribological and biological understanding of 3D printing plastics against the complex human skin to mitigate skin-friction related ailments such as calluses and blisters. This study provides tribological insight in search of an optimal 3D printable material that has minimal friction against the skin. Two low friction 3D printable materials, thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) and polyamide (TPA) were chosen and tribological testing was carried out against a water responsive skin model. The skin model was synthesized using a gelatine based model made with cotton and crosslinked with glutaraldehyde. Tribological testing of TPU/TPA against the skin model in dry and wet conditions were made. The higher coefficient of friction (COF) was observed in the wet condition compared to the dry condition. To overcome the higher friction, TPA/TPU-sodium polyacrylate composites were prepared by heat pressing that significantly reduced COF of TPU and TPA by ∼ 40% and 75%, respectively, in wet conditions.
Improvement of Wear, Pitting Corrosion Resistance and Repassivation Ability of Mg-Based Alloys Using High Pressure Cold Sprayed (HPCS) Commercially Pure-Titanium CoatingsIn this study, a compact cold sprayed (CS) Ti coating was deposited on Mg alloy using a high pressure cold spray (HPCS) system. The wear and corrosion behavior of the CS Ti coating was compared with that of CS Al coating and bare Mg alloy. The Ti coating yielded lower wear rate compared to Al coating and Mg alloy. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and cyclic potentiodynamic polarization (CPP) tests revealed that CS Ti coating can substantially reduce corrosion rate of AZ31B in chloride containing solutions compared to CS Al coating. Interestingly, Ti-coated Mg alloy demonstrated negative hysteresis loop, depicting repassivation of pits, in contrast to AZ31B and Al-coated AZ31B with positive hysteresis loops where corrosion potential (Ecorr) > repassivation potential (Erp); indicating irreversible growth of pits. AZ31B and Al-coated AZ31B were most susceptible to pitting corrosion, while Ti-coated Mg alloy indicated noticeable resistance to pitting in 3.5 wt % NaCl solution. In comparison to Al coating, Ti coating considerably separated the AZ31BMg alloy surface from the corrosive electrolyte during long term immersion test for 11 days.