skip to main content

Attention:

The NSF Public Access Repository (NSF-PAR) system and access will be unavailable from 11:00 PM ET on Friday, April 12 until 2:00 AM ET on Saturday, April 13 due to maintenance. We apologize for the inconvenience.


Search for: All records

Creators/Authors contains: "Katz, Daniel"

Note: When clicking on a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) number, you will be taken to an external site maintained by the publisher. Some full text articles may not yet be available without a charge during the embargo (administrative interval).
What is a DOI Number?

Some links on this page may take you to non-federal websites. Their policies may differ from this site.

  1. A burst buffer is a common method to bridge the performance gap between the I/O needs of modern supercomputing applications and the performance of the shared file system on large-scale supercomputers. However, existing I/O sharing methods require resource isolation, offline profiling, or repeated execution that significantly limit the utilization and applicability of these systems. Here we present ThemisIO, a policy-driven I/O sharing framework for a remote-shared burst buffer: a dedicated group of I/O nodes, each with a local storage device. ThemisIO preserves high utilization by implementing opportunity fairness so that it can reallocate unused I/O resources to other applications. ThemisIO accurately and efficiently allocates I/O cycles among applications, purely based on real-time I/O behavior without requiring user-supplied information or offline-profiled application characteristics. ThemisIO supports a variety of fair sharing policies, such as user-fair, size-fair, as well as composite policies, e.g., group-then-user-fair. All these features are enabled by its statistical token design. ThemisIO can alter the execution order of incoming I/O requests based on assigned tokens to precisely balance I/O cycles between applications via time slicing, thereby enforcing processing isolation. Experiments using I/O benchmarks show that ThemisIO sustains 13.5--13.7% higher I/O throughput and 19.5--40.4% lower performance variation than existing algorithms. For real applications, ThemisIO significantly reduces the slowdown by 59.1--99.8% caused by I/O interference. 
    more » « less
  2. Free, publicly-accessible full text available June 27, 2024
  3. Free, publicly-accessible full text available August 1, 2024
  4. Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 1, 2024
  5. Abstract

    The findable, accessible, interoperable, and reusable (FAIR) data principles provide a framework for examining, evaluating, and improving how data is shared to facilitate scientific discovery. Generalizing these principles to research software and other digital products is an active area of research. Machine learning models—algorithms that have been trained on data without being explicitly programmed—and more generally, artificial intelligence (AI) models, are an important target for this because of the ever-increasing pace with which AI is transforming scientific domains, such as experimental high energy physics (HEP). In this paper, we propose a practical definition of FAIR principles for AI models in HEP and describe a template for the application of these principles. We demonstrate the template’s use with an example AI model applied to HEP, in which a graph neural network is used to identify Higgs bosons decaying to two bottom quarks. We report on the robustness of this FAIR AI model, its portability across hardware architectures and software frameworks, and its interpretability.

     
    more » « less
  6. Free, publicly-accessible full text available November 12, 2024