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Creators/Authors contains: "Khanal, Dipak Raj"

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  1. Abstract

    Translation of chirality and asymmetry across structural motifs and length scales plays a fundamental role in nature, enabling unique functionalities in contexts ranging from biological systems to synthetic materials. Here, we introduce a structural chirality transfer across the organic–inorganic interface in two-dimensional hybrid perovskites using appropriate chiral organic cations. The preferred molecular configuration of the chiral spacer cations,R-(+)- orS-(−)-1-(1-naphthyl)ethylammonium and their asymmetric hydrogen-bonding interactions with lead bromide-based layers cause symmetry-breaking helical distortions in the inorganic layers, otherwise absent when employing a racemic mixture of organic spacers. First-principles modeling predicts a substantial bulk Rashba-Dresselhaus spin-splitting in the inorganic-derived conduction band with opposite spin textures betweenR- andS-hybrids due to the broken inversion symmetry and strong spin-orbit coupling. The ability to break symmetry using chirality transfer from one structural unit to another provides a synthetic design paradigm for emergent properties, including Rashba-Dresselhaus spin-polarization for hybrid perovskite spintronics and related applications.

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  2. Abstract

    Disorder‐induced inhomogeneity in blue‐fluorescent‐based organic light‐emitting diodes (OLEDs) based on mixtures of host and guest molecules is studied using magneto‐electroluminescence, MEL(B), response based on the so called “Δgmechanism”, where Δgis the difference in the Landég‐factor of electrons and holes. The disorder in the organic active layer is manifested by a unique non‐Lorentzian MEL(B) response that is analyzed using a distribution of spin lifetimes for the injected electron–hole pairs that is determined by a dispersive parameter, α (<1). The carriers’ inhomogeneous response also influences the free carrier absorption spectrum, which shows characteristic properties described by a dispersive parameter β (<1). From the measured MEL(B) response at various injection conditions it is found that α is robust at increasing current density showing that the inhomogeneity is governed by intrinsic disorder in the device active layer. Also the obtained increase in α at low temperature indicates that the organic layer becomes more ordered, where longer‐lived electron–hole spin pairs are formed.

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