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Creators/Authors contains: "Kidd, Bryce E."

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  1. Abstract

    The oxidation of tetra‐n‐butylammonium acetate, propionate, and pivalate was studied in rigorously anhydrous acetonitrile by conventional linear sweep and convolution voltammetry (LSV and ConV, respectively). The results suggest oxidation occurs via a concerted dissociative electron transfer pathway (RCO2→R⋅+CO2+e). The addition of water lowers the intrinsic barrier, signaling a possible change in mechanism to stepwise dissociative electron transfer. In rigorously dry acetonitrile, the oxidation potentials of CH3CO2(0.60±0.09), CH3CH2CO2, (0.47±0.05) and (CH3)3CCO2(0.40±0.04 V vs. Ag/AgNO3(CH3CN, 0.1 M)) are reported. These values parallel the stabilities of the resulting free radicals, consistent with a possible concerted pathway, although differential solvation of the carboxylate anions cannot be completely excluded as a contributor to this trend.

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  2. Free, publicly-accessible full text available September 1, 2024
  3. The present work investigates the potential for enhancing the NMR signals of DNA nucleobases by parahydrogen-based hyperpolarization. Signal amplification by reversible exchange (SABRE) and SABRE in Shield Enables Alignment Transfer to Heteronuclei (SABRE-SHEATH) of selected DNA nucleobases is demonstrated with the enhancement (ε) of 1H, 15N, and/or 13C spins in 3-methyladenine, cytosine, and 6-O-guanine. Solutions of the standard SABRE homogenous catalyst Ir(1,5-cyclooctadeine)(1,3-bis(2,4,6-trimethylphenyl)imidazolium)Cl (“IrIMes”) and a given nucleobase in deuterated ethanol/water solutions yielded low 1H ε values (≤10), likely reflecting weak catalyst binding. However, we achieved natural-abundance enhancement of 15N signals for 3-methyladenine of ~3300 and ~1900 for the imidazole ring nitrogen atoms. 1H and 15N 3-methyladenine studies revealed that methylation of adenine affords preferential binding of the imidazole ring over the pyrimidine ring. Interestingly, signal enhancements (ε~240) of both 15N atoms for doubly labelled cytosine reveal the preferential binding of specific tautomer(s), thus giving insight into the matching of polarization-transfer and tautomerization time scales. 13C enhancements of up to nearly 50-fold were also obtained for this cytosine isotopomer. These efforts may enable the future investigation of processes underlying cellular function and/or dysfunction, including how DNA nucleobase tautomerization influences mismatching in base-pairing. 
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