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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available October 6, 2023
  2. Semiconducting conjugated polymers (CPs) have shown great potential in organic solar cells and organic field-effect transistors (OFETs), due to their tunable electronic and optical properties. In this study, we compare computational predictions of electronic and optical properties of ensembles of cis-polyacetylene (cis-PA) multiple oligomers in two different forms (a) undoped cis-PA and (b) cis- PA doped by phosphorous fluoride (PF6−) via density functional theory (DFT) with hybrid functionals. The comparison of undoped cis-PA under the constraint of injected charge carrier and cis-PA doped by PF6− shows that either doping or injection provides very similar features in electronic structure and optical properties. Doped and injected are similar to each other and different from the pristine, undoped PA. Computed results also indicate that the injection of charge carriers and adding p-type doping into the semiconducting CP model both greatly affect the conductivity. These observations provide a better understanding and practical use of the properties of polyacetylene films for flexible electronic applications.
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available August 12, 2023
  3. Free, publicly-accessible full text available July 28, 2023
  4. Abstract Incorporating fluorescent quantum defects in the sidewalls of semiconducting single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) through chemical reaction is an emerging route to predictably modify nanotube electronic structures and develop advanced photonic functionality. Applications such as room-temperature single-photon emission and high-contrast bio-imaging have been advanced through aryl-functionalized SWCNTs, in which the binding configurations of the aryl group define the energies of the emitting states. However, the chemistry of binding with atomic precision at the single-bond level and tunable control over the binding configurations are yet to be achieved. Here, we explore recently reported photosynthetic protocol and find that it can control chemical binding configurations of quantum defects, which are often referred to as organic color centers, through the spin multiplicity of photoexcited intermediates. Specifically, photoexcited aromatics react with SWCNT sidewalls to undergo a singlet-state pathway in the presence of dissolved oxygen, leading to ortho binding configurations of the aryl group on the nanotube. In contrast, the oxygen-free photoreaction activates previously inaccessible para configurations through a triplet-state mechanism. These experimental results are corroborated by first principles simulations. Such spin-selective photochemistry diversifies SWCNT emission tunability by controlling the morphology of the emitting sites.
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 1, 2023
  5. Photoluminescence (PL) is one of the key experimental characterizations of optoelectronic materials, including conjugated polymers (CPs). In this study, a simplified model of an undoped cis-polyacetylene (cis-PA) oligomer was selected and used to explain the mechanism of photoluminescence (PL) of the CPs. Using a combination of the ab initio electronic structure and a time-dependent density matrix methodology, the photo-induced time-dependent excited state dynamics were computed. We explored the phonon-induced relaxation of the photoexcited state for a single oligomer of cis-PA. Here, the dissipative Redfield equation of the motion was used to compute the dissipative excited state dynamics of electronic degrees of freedom. This equation used the nonadiabatic couplings as parameters. The computed excited state dynamics showed that the relaxation rate of the electron is faster than the relaxation rate of the hole. The dissipative excited-state dynamics were combined with radiative recombination channels to predict the PL spectrum. The simulated results showed that the absorption and emission spectra both have a similar transition. The main result is that the computed PL spectrum demonstrates two mechanisms of light emission originating from (i) the inter-band transitions, corresponding to the same range of transition energies as the absorption spectrum and (ii) intra-band transitions notmore »available in the absorption spectra. However, the dissipative Redfield equation of the motion was used to compute the electronic degrees of freedom of the nonadiabatic couplings, which helped to process the time propagation of the excited dynamic state. This excited dynamic state shows that the relaxation rate of the electron is faster than the relaxation rate of the hole, which can be used for improving organic semiconductor materials for photovoltaic and LED applications.« less
  6. The work proposed here aims to describe the dynamics of photoexcited charge carriers at the interface between the perovskite and electron transport layer (ETL) in perovskite solar cells (PSCs) and the effect that the interface morphology has on these dynamics. This is done in an effort to further develop the understanding of these materials so that their chemical composition and morphology may be better utilized to improve PSCs by means of increasing the power conversion efficiency (PCE), maximizing the chemical stability of PSCs to lengthen their lifespan, finding the cheapest and easiest materials to synthesize which have beneficial properties in photovoltaics, etc. This is done by using density functional theory to model the interface and open system Redfield theory to describe the charge carrier dynamics. We find that the charge transfer characteristics at the perovskite/ETL interface depend greatly on the choice of ligands adsorbed on the ETL that act as a bridge between the perovskite and ETL. The two ligand choices discussed here go so far as to determine whether the system will undergo a Förster energy transfer or a Dexter energy transfer upon photoexcitation.