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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available November 1, 2022
  2. Fitch, T. ; Lamm, C. ; Leder, H. ; Teßmar-Raible, K. (Ed.)
    Listening to music activates representations of movement and social agents. Why? We ask whether high-level causal reasoning about how music was generated can lead people to link musical sounds with animate agents. To test this, we asked whether people (N=60) make flexible inferences about whether an agent caused musical sounds, integrating information from the sounds’ timing and from the visual context in which it was produced. Using a 2x2 within-subject design, we found evidence of causal reasoning: In a context where producing a musical sequence would require self-propelled movement, people inferred that an agent had been present causing the sounds.more »When the context provided an alternative possible explanation, this ‘explained away’ the agent, reducing the tendency to infer an agent was present for the same acoustic stimuli. People can use causal reasoning to infer whether an agent produced musical sounds, suggesting that high-level cognition can link music with social concepts.« less
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available July 26, 2022
  3. Free, publicly-accessible full text available August 17, 2022
  4. Free, publicly-accessible full text available June 1, 2022
  5. With unprecedented increases in traffic load in today's wireless networks, design challenges shift from the wireless network itself to the computational support behind the wireless network. In this vein, there is new interest in quantum-compute approaches because of their potential to substantially speed up processing, and so improve network throughput. However, quantum hardware that actually exists today is much more susceptible to computational errors than silicon-based hardware, due to the physical phenomena of decoherence and noise. This paper explores the boundary between the two types of computation---classical-quantum hybrid processing for optimization problems in wireless systems---envisioning how wireless can simultaneously leveragemore »the benefit of both approaches. We explore the feasibility of a hybrid system with a real hardware prototype using one of the most advanced experimentally available techniques today, reverse quantum annealing. Preliminary results on a low-latency, large MIMO system envisioned in the 5G New Radio roadmap are encouraging, showing approximately 2--10\times× better performance in terms of processing time than prior published results.« less
  6. Karunakaran, S. ; Higgins, A. (Ed.)
    In this paper, we introduce an RME-based (Freudenthal, 1991) task sequence intended to support the guided reinvention of the linear algebra topic of vector spaces. We also share the results of a paired teaching experiment (Steffe & Thompson, 2000) with two students. The results show how students can leverage their work in the problem context to develop more general notions of Null Space. This work informs further revisions to the task statements for using these materials in a whole-class setting.
  7. Protti, S. ; Raviola, C. (Ed.)
    This chapter is intended to help make inroads to the role of Intralipid in photodynamic therapy (PDT). In addition to Intralipid’s favorable property as a light scattering agent, we hypothesized that it will be unstable to photosensitized oxidation. To explore this, measurements of total quenching rate constants (kT) of singlet oxygen with Intralipid and its constituents are described. Furthermore, organic phosphines were tested to trap Intralipid peroxides formed in photosensitized oxidation reactions. Our findings indicate that the vulnerability of Intralipid to photooxidation might suggest limits of its use in PDT.
  8. More than 1.6 million Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) tests were administered daily in the United States at the peak of the epidemic, with a significant focus on individual treatment. Here, we show that objective-driven, strategic sampling designs and analyses can maximize information gain at the population level, which is necessary to increase situational awareness and predict, prepare for, and respond to a pandemic, while also continuing to inform individual treatment. By focusing on specific objectives such as individual treatment or disease prediction and control (e.g., via the collection of population-level statistics to inform lockdown measures or vaccinemore »rollout) and drawing from the literature on capture–recapture methods to deal with nonrandom sampling and testing errors, we illustrate how public health objectives can be achieved even with limited test availability when testing programs are designed a priori to meet those objectives.« less
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available June 17, 2022
  9. null (Ed.)
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available July 1, 2022