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Creators/Authors contains: "Knijnenburg, Bart P."

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  1. This position paper describes our research project to improve middle school students’ use of security “best-practices” in their day-to-day online activities, while enhancing their fundamental understanding of the underlying security principles and math concepts that drive AI and cybersecurity technologies. The project involves the design and implementation of a time- and teacher-friendly learning module that can be readily integrated into existing middle school math curricula. We plan to deploy this module at a high-needs, rural-identifying middle school in South Carolina that serves underrepresented students
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available August 19, 2022
  2. To account for privacy perceptions and preferences in user models and develop personalized privacy systems, we need to understand how users make privacy decisions in various contexts. Existing studies of privacy perceptions and behavior focus on overall tendencies toward privacy, but few have examined the context-specific factors in privacy decision making. We conducted a survey on Mechanical Turk (N=401) based on the theory of planned behavior (TPB) to measure the way users’ perceptions of privacy factors and intent to disclose information are affected by three situational factors embodied hypothetical scenarios: information type, recipients’ role, and trust source. Results showed amore »positive relationship between subjective norms and perceived behavioral control, and between each of these and situational privacy attitude; all three constructs are significantly positively associated with intent to disclose. These findings also suggest that, situational factors predict participants’ privacy decisions through their influence on the TPB constructs.« less
  3. Fitness trackers are undoubtedly gaining in popularity. As fitness-related data are persistently captured, stored, and processed by these devices, the need to ensure users’ privacy is becoming increasingly urgent. In this paper, we apply a data-driven approach to the development of privacy-setting recommendations for fitness devices. We first present a fitness data privacy model that we defined to represent users’ privacy preferences in a way that is unambiguous, compliant with the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), and able to represent both the user and the third party preferences. Our crowdsourced dataset is collected using current scenarios in themore »fitness domain and used to identify privacy profiles by applying machine learning techniques. We then examine different personal tracking data and user traits which can potentially drive the recommendation of privacy profiles to the users. Finally, a set of privacy-setting recommendation strategies with different guidance styles are designed based on the resulting profiles. Interestingly, our results show several semantic relationships among users’ traits, characteristics, and attitudes that are useful in providing privacy recommendations. Even though several works exist on privacy preference modeling, this paper makes a contribution in modeling privacy preferences for data sharing and processing in the IoT and fitness domain, with specific attention to GDPR compliance. Moreover, the identification of well-identified clusters of preferences and predictors of such clusters is a relevant contribution for user profiling and for the design of interactive recommendation strategies that aim to balance users’ control over their privacy permissions and the simplicity of setting these permissions.« less
  4. Research has shown that privacy decisions are affected by heuristic influences such as default settings and framing, and such effects are likely also present in smarthome privacy de- cisions. In this paper we pose the challenge question: How exactly do defaults and framing influence smarthome users’ privacy decisions? We conduct a large-scale scenario-based study with a mixed fractional factorial design, and use sta- tistical analysis and machine learning to investigate these effects. We discuss the implications of our findings for the designers of smarthome privacy-setting interfaces.
  5. The Internet of Things provides household device users with an ability to connect and manage numerous devices over a common platform. However, the sheer number of possible privacy settings creates issues such as choice overload. This article outlines a data-driven approach to understand how users make privacy decisions in household IoT scenarios. We demonstrate that users are not just influenced by the specifics of the IoT scenario, but also by aspects immaterial to the decision, such as the default setting and its framing.
  6. Traditionally, recommender systems were built with the goal of aiding users’ decision-making process by extrapolating what they like and what they have done to predict what they want next. However, in attempting to personalize the suggestions to users’ preferences, these systems create an isolated universe of information for each user, which may limit their perspectives and promote complacency. In this paper, we describe our research plan to test a novel approach to recommender systems that goes beyond “good recommendations” that supports user aspirations and exploration.
  7. Every day, we are confronted with an abundance of decisions that require us to choose from a seemingly endless number of choice options. Recommender systems are supposed to help us deal with this formidable task, but some scholars claim that these systems instead put us inside a "Filter Bubble" that severely limits our perspectives. This paper presents a new direction for recommender systems research with the main goal of supporting users in developing, exploring, and understanding their unique personal preferences.