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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available January 1, 2023
  2. David, G. ; Garg, P. ; Kalweit, A. ; Mukherjee, S. ; Ullrich, T. ; Xu, Z. ; Yoo, I.-K. (Ed.)
    Utilizing viscous hydrodynamic simulations of heavy-ion collisions, we study the behavior of cumulants of (net-)(anti)proton number distributions at RHIC beam energy scan energies, incorporating non-critical contributions like baryon conservation and excluded volume. The experimental data on net-proton cumulants at √ S NN > 20 GeV are consistent with simultaneous effects of global baryon conservation and repulsive interactions in baryon sector, whereas the data at lower collision energies show possible indications for sizable attractive interactions among baryons. We discuss the behavior of factorial cumulants in addition to the ordinary cumulants, and also address the quantitative difference between proton and baryon number cumulants.
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available January 1, 2023
  3. David, G. ; Garg, P. ; Kalweit, A. ; Mukherjee, S. ; Ullrich, T. ; Xu, Z. ; Yoo, I.-K. (Ed.)
    We investigate the chemical freeze-out in heavy-ion collisions (HICs) and the impact of the hadronic spectrum on thermal model analyses [1, 2]. Detailed knowledge of the hadronic spectrum is still an open question, which has phenomenological consequences on the study of HICs. By varying the number of resonances included in Hadron Resonance Gas (HRG) Model calculations, we can shed light on which particles may be produced. Furthermore, we study the influence of the number of states on the so-called two flavor freezeout scenario, in which strange and light particles can freeze-out separately. We consider results for the chemical freeze-out parameters obtained from thermal model fits and from calculating net-particle fluctuations. We will show the effect of using one global temperature to fit all particles and alternatively, allowing particles with and without strange quarks to freeze-out separately.
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available January 1, 2023
  4. Free, publicly-accessible full text available January 1, 2023