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  1. Abstract

    Near-perfect light absorbers (NPLAs), with absorbance,$${{{{{{{\mathcal{A}}}}}}}}$$A, of at least 99%, have a wide range of applications ranging from energy and sensing devices to stealth technologies and secure communications. Previous work on NPLAs has mainly relied upon plasmonic structures or patterned metasurfaces, which require complex nanolithography, limiting their practical applications, particularly for large-area platforms. Here, we use the exceptional band nesting effect in TMDs, combined with a Salisbury screen geometry, to demonstrate NPLAs using only two or three uniform atomic layers of transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs). The key innovation in our design, verified using theoretical calculations, is to stack monolayer TMDs in such a way as to minimize their interlayer coupling, thus preserving their strong band nesting properties. We experimentally demonstrate two feasible routes to controlling the interlayer coupling: twisted TMD bi-layers and TMD/buffer layer/TMD tri-layer heterostructures. Using these approaches, we demonstrate room-temperature values of$${{{{{{{\mathcal{A}}}}}}}}$$A=95% atλ=2.8 eV with theoretically predicted values as high as 99%. Moreover, the chemical variety of TMDs allows us to design NPLAs covering the entire visible range, paving the way for efficient atomically-thin optoelectronics.

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  2. Abstract Understanding the kinetics of interfacial reaction in the deposition of metal contacts on 2D materials is important for determining the level of contact tenability and the nature of the contact itself. Here, we find that some metals, when deposited onto layered black-arsenic films using e-beam evaporation, form a-few-nm thick distinct intermetallic layer and significantly change the nature of the metal contact. In the case of nickel, the intermetallic layer is Ni 11 As 8 , whereas in the cases of chromium and titanium they are CrAs and a-Ti 3 As, respectively, with their unique structural and electronic properties. We also find that temperature, which affects interatomic diffusion and interfacial reaction kinetics, can be used to control the thickness and crystallinity of the interfacial layer. In the field effect transistors with black-arsenic channel, due to the specifics of its formation, this interfacial layer introduces a second and more efficient edge-type charge transfer pathway from the metal into the black-arsenic. Such tunable interfacial metal contacts could provide new pathways for engineering highly efficient devices and device architectures. 
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  3. Hybrid MBE produces epitaxial SrTiO 3 free-standing nanomembranes using remote epitaxy in an adsorption-controlled manner. 
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 23, 2023
  4. This work reports the quantification of rise in channel temperature due to self-heating in two-terminal SrSnO3 thin film devices under electrical bias. Using pulsed current–voltage (I–V) measurements, thermal resistances of the thin films were determined by extracting the relationship between the channel temperature and the dissipated power. For a 26-nm-thick n-doped SrSnO3 channel with an area of 200 μm2, a thermal resistance of 260.1 ± 24.5 K mm/W was obtained. For a modest dissipated power of 0.5 W/mm, the channel temperature rose to ∼176 °C, a value which increases further at higher power levels. Electro-thermal simulations were performed which showed close agreement between the simulated and experimental I–V characteristics both in the absence and presence of self-heating. The work presented is critical for the development of perovskite-based high-power electronic devices.

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  5. null (Ed.)