skip to main content

Search for: All records

Creators/Authors contains: "Kortyna, Andrew"

Note: When clicking on a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) number, you will be taken to an external site maintained by the publisher. Some full text articles may not yet be available without a charge during the embargo (administrative interval).
What is a DOI Number?

Some links on this page may take you to non-federal websites. Their policies may differ from this site.

  1. First, high-resolution sub-Doppler infrared spectroscopic results for cyclopentyl radical (C 5 H 9 ) are reported on the α-CH stretch fundamental with suppression of spectral congestion achieved by adiabatic cooling to T rot ≈ 19(4) K in a slit jet expansion. Surprisingly, cyclopentyl radical exhibits a rotationally assignable infrared spectrum, despite 3N − 6 = 36 vibrational modes and an upper vibrational state density (ρ ≈ 40–90 #/cm −1 ) in the critical regime (ρ ≈ 100 #/cm −1 ) necessary for onset of intramolecular vibrational relaxation (IVR) dynamics. Such high-resolution data for cyclopentyl radical permit detailed fits to a rigid-rotor asymmetric top Hamiltonian, initial structural information for ground and vibrationally excited states, and opportunities for detailed comparison with theoretical predictions. Specifically, high level ab initio calculations at the coupled-cluster singles, doubles, and perturbative triples (CCSD(T))/ANO0, 1 level are used to calculate an out-of-plane bending potential, which reveals a C 2 symmetry double minimum 1D energy surface over a C 2v transition state. The inversion barrier [V barrier ≈ 3.7(1) kcal/mol] is much larger than the effective moment of inertia for out-of-plane bending, resulting in localization of the cyclopentyl wavefunction near its C 2 symmetry equilibrium geometry and tunneling splittingsmore »for the ground state too small (<1 MHz) to be resolved under sub-Doppler slit jet conditions. The persistence of fully resolved high-resolution infrared spectroscopy for such large cyclic polyatomic radicals at high vibrational state densities suggests a “deceleration” of IVR for a cycloalkane ring topology, much as low frequency torsion/methyl rotation degrees of freedom have demonstrated a corresponding “acceleration” of IVR processes in linear hydrocarbons.« less
  2. High-resolution direct absorption infrared spectra of metastable cis-formic acid (HCOOH) trapped in a cis-well resonance behind a 15 kcal/mol barrier are reported for the first time, with the energetically unstable conformer produced in a supersonic slit plasma expansion of trans-formic acid/H 2 mixtures. We present a detailed high-resolution rovibrational analysis for cis-formic acid species in the OH stretch ( ν 1 ) fundamental, providing first precision vibrational band origin, rotational constants, and term values, which in conjunction with ab initio calculations at the couple-cluster with single, double, and perturbative triple [CCSD(T)]/ANOn (n = 0, 1, 2) level support the experimental assignments and establish critical points on the potential energy surface for internal rotor trans-to-cis isomerization. Relative intensities for a- and b-type transitions observed in the spectra permit the transition dipole moment components to be determined in the body fixed frame and prove to be in good agreement with ab initio CCSD(T) theoretical estimates but in poor agreement with simple bond-dipole predictions. The observed signal dependence on H 2 in the discharge suggests the presence of a novel H atom radical chemical mechanism for strongly endothermic “up-hill” internal rotor isomerization between trans- and cis-formic acid conformers.