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  1. Abstract

    Computing centres, including those used to process High-Energy Physics data and simulations, are increasingly providing significant fractions of their computing resources through hardware architectures other than x86 CPUs, with GPUs being a common alternative. GPUs can provide excellent computational performance at a good price point for tasks that can be suitably parallelized. Charged particle (track) reconstruction is a computationally expensive component of HEP data reconstruction, and thus needs to use available resources in an efficient way. In this paper, an implementation of Kalman filter-based track fitting using CUDA and running on GPUs is presented. This utilizes the ACTS (A Common Tracking Software) toolkit; an open source and experiment-independent toolkit for track reconstruction. The implementation details and parallelization approach are described, along with the specific challenges for such an implementation. Detailed performance benchmarking results are discussed, which show encouraging performance gains over a CPU-based implementation for representative configurations. Finally, a perspective on the challenges and future directions for these studies is outlined. These include more complex and realistic scenarios which can be studied, and anticipated developments to software frameworks and standards which may open up possibilities for greater flexibility and improved performance.

  2. Abstract

    The Zwicky Transient Facility (ZTF), a public–private enterprise, is a new time-domain survey employing a dedicated camera on the Palomar 48-inch Schmidt telescope with a 47 deg2field of view and an 8 second readout time. It is well positioned in the development of time-domain astronomy, offering operations at 10% of the scale and style of the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST) with a single 1-m class survey telescope. The public surveys will cover the observable northern sky every three nights ingandrfilters and the visible Galactic plane every night ingandr. Alerts generated by these surveys are sent in real time to brokers. A consortium of universities that provided funding (“partnership”) are undertaking several boutique surveys. The combination of these surveys producing one million alerts per night allows for exploration of transient and variable astrophysical phenomena brighter thanr ∼ 20.5 on timescales of minutes to years. We describe the primary science objectives driving ZTF, including the physics of supernovae and relativistic explosions, multi-messenger astrophysics, supernova cosmology, active galactic nuclei, and tidal disruption events, stellar variability, and solar system objects.