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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available May 1, 2025
  2. This paper introduces ASCENT (context-Aware Spectrum Coexistence DEsigN and ImplemenTation) toolset, an advanced context-aware terrestrial-satellite spectrum sharing toolset designed for researchers, policymakers, and regulators. It serves two essential purposes: (a) evaluating the potential for harmful interference to primary users in satellite bands and (b) facilitating the analysis, design, and implementation of diverse regulatory policies on spectrum usage and sharing. Notably, ASCENT implements a closed-loop feedback system that allows dynamic adaptation of policies according to a wide range of contextual factors (e.g., weather, buildings, summer/winter foliage, etc.) and feedback on the impact of these policies through realistic simulation. Specifically, ASCENT comprises the following components– (i) interference evaluation tool for evaluating interference at the incumbents in a spectrum sharing environment while taking the underlying contexts; (ii) dynamic spectrum access (DSA) framework for providing context-aware instructions to adapt networking parameters and control secondary terrestrial network’s access to the shared spectrum band according to context-aware prioritization; (iii) Context broker to acquire essential and relevant contexts from external context information providers; and (iv) DSA Database to store dynamic and static contexts and the regulator’s policy information. The closed-loop feedback system of ASCENT is implemented by integrating these components in a modular software architecture. A case study of sharing the lower 12 GHz Ku-band (12.2-12.7 GHz) with the 5G terrestrial cellular network is considered, and the usability of ASCENT is demonstrated by dynamically changing exclusion-zone’s radius in different weather conditions. 
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available May 14, 2025
  3. Free, publicly-accessible full text available October 31, 2024
  4. Abstract

    Understanding the nature of the luminous 1991T-like supernovae (SNe) is of great importance to SN cosmology as they are likely to have been more common in the early Universe. In this paper, we explore the observational properties of 1991T-like SNe to study their relationship to other luminous, slow-declining Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia). From the spectroscopic and photometric criteria defined in Phillips et al., we identify 17 1991T-like SNe from the literature. Combining these objects with 10 1991T-like SNe from the Carnegie Supernova Project-II, the spectra, light curves, and colors of these events, along with their host galaxy properties, are examined in detail. We conclude that 1991T-like SNe are closely related in essentially all of their UV, optical, and near-infrared properties—as well as their host galaxy parameters—to the slow-declining subset of Branch core-normal SNe and to the intermediate 1999aa-like events, forming a continuum of luminous SNe Ia. The overriding difference between these three subgroups appears to be the extent to which56Ni mixes into the ejecta, producing the premaximum spectra dominated by Feiiiabsorption, the broader UV light curves, and the higher luminosities that characterize the 1991T-like events. Nevertheless, the association of 1991T-like SNe with the rare Type Ia circumstellar material SNe would seem to run counter to this hypothesis, in which case 1991T-like events may form a separate subclass of SNe Ia, possibly arising from single-degenerate progenitor systems.

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  5. Abstract

    The total energy transfer from the solar wind to the magnetosphere is governed by the reconnection rate at the magnetosphere edges as the Z‐component of interplanetary magnetic field (IMFBz) turns southward. The geomagnetic storm on 21–22 January 2005 is considered to be anomalous as the SYM‐H index that signifies the strength of ring current, decreases and had a sustained trough value of −101 nT lasting more than 6 hr under northward IMFBzconditions. In this work, the standard WINDMI model is utilized to estimate the growth and decay of magnetospheric currents by using several solar wind‐magnetosphere coupling functions. However, it is found that the WINDMI model driven by any of these coupling functions is not fully able to explain the decrease of SYM‐H under northward IMFBz. A dense plasma sheet along with signatures of a highly stretched magnetosphere was observed during this storm. The SYM‐H variations during the entire duration of the storm were only reproduced after modifying the WINDMI model to account for the effects of the dense plasma sheet. The limitations of directly driven models relying purely on the solar wind parameters and not accounting for the state of the magnetosphere are highlighted by this work.

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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available October 1, 2024
  6. Free, publicly-accessible full text available August 1, 2024

    We report the All-Sky Automated Survey for SuperNovae discovery of the tidal disruption event (TDE) ASASSN-23bd (AT 2023clx) in NGC 3799, a LINER galaxy with no evidence of strong active galactic nucleus (AGN) activity over the past decade. With a redshift of z = 0.01107 and a peak ultraviolet (UV)/optical luminosity of (5.4 ± 0.4) × 1042 erg s−1, ASASSN-23bd is the lowest-redshift and least-luminous TDE discovered to date. Spectroscopically, ASASSN-23bd shows H α and He i emission throughout its spectral time series, there are no coronal lines in its near-infrared spectrum, and the UV spectrum shows nitrogen lines without the strong carbon and magnesium lines typically seen for AGN. Fits to the rising ASAS-SN light curve show that ASASSN-23bd started to brighten on MJD 59988$^{+1}_{-1}$, ∼9 d before discovery, with a nearly linear rise in flux, peaking in the g band on MJD $60 \, 000^{+3}_{-3}$. Scaling relations and TDE light curve modelling find a black hole mass of ∼106 M⊙, which is on the lower end of supermassive black hole masses. ASASSN-23bd is a dim X-ray source, with an upper limit of $L_{0.3-10\, \mathrm{keV}} \lt 1.0\times 10^{40}$ erg s−1 from stacking all Swift observations prior to MJD 60061, but with soft (∼0.1 keV) thermal emission with a luminosity of $L_{0.3-2 \, \mathrm{keV}}\sim 4\times 10^{39}$ erg s−1 in XMM-Newton observations on MJD 60095. The rapid (t < 15 d) light curve rise, low UV/optical luminosity, and a luminosity decline over 40 d of ΔL40 ≈ −0.7 dex make ASASSN-23bd one of the dimmest TDEs to date and a member of the growing ‘Low Luminosity and Fast’ class of TDEs.

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  8. Motivation: Timetrees depict evolutionary relationships between species and the geological times of their divergence. Hundreds of research articles containing timetrees are published in scientific journals every year. The TimeTree project has been manually locating, curating, and synthesizing timetrees from these articles for almost two decades into a TimeTree of Life, delivered through a unique, userfriendly web interface ( The manual process of finding articles containing timetrees is becoming increasingly expensive and time-consuming. So, we have explored the effectiveness of textmining approaches and developed optimizations to find research articles containing timetrees automatically. Results: We have developed an optimized machine learning (ML) system to determine if a research article contains an evolutionary timetree appropriate for inclusion in the TimeTree resource. We found that BERT classification fine-tuned on whole-text articles achieved an F1 score of 0.67, which we increased to 0.88 by text-mining article excerpts surrounding the mentioning of figures. The new method is implemented in the TimeTreeFinder tool, TTF, which automatically processes millions of articles to discover timetree-containing articles. We estimate that the TTF tool would produce twice as many timetree-containing articles as those discovered manually, whose inclusion in the TimeTree database would potentially double the knowledge accessible to a wider community. Manual inspection showed that the precision on out-of-distribution recently-published articles is 87%. This automation will speed up the collection and curation of timetrees with much lower human and time costs. Availability: Contact: {marija.stanojevic, s.kumar, zoran.obradovic} Supplementary information: Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online 
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  9. In this paper, we show that the Turaev–Viro invariant volume conjecture posed by Chen and Yang is preserved under gluings of toroidal boundary components for a family of 3-manifolds. In particular, we show that the asymptotics of the Turaev–Viro invariants are additive under certain gluings of elementary pieces arising from a construction of hyperbolic cusped 3-manifolds due to Agol. The gluings of the elementary pieces are known to be additive with respect to the simplicial volume. This allows us to construct families of manifolds which have an arbitrary number of hyperbolic pieces and satisfy an extended version of the Turaev–Viro invariant volume conjecture. 
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