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  1. Space-time adaptive processing (STAP) is an effective method for multi-input multi-output (MIMO) radar systems to identify moving targets in the presence of multiple interferers. The idea of joint optimization in both spatial and temporal domains for radar detection is consistent with the symbol-level precoding (SLP) technique for MIMO communication systems, that optimizes the transmit waveform according to instantaneous transmitted symbols. Therefore, in this paper we combine STAP and constructive interference (CI)-based SLP techniques to realize dual-functional radar-communication (DFRC). The radar output signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio (SINR) is maximized by jointly optimizing the transmit waveform and receive filter, while satisfying the communication quality-of-service (QoS) constraints and the constant modulus power constraint. An efficient algorithm based on majorization-minimization (MM) and nonlinear equality constrained alternative direction method of multipliers (neADMM) methods is proposed to solve the non-convex optimization problem. Simulation results verify the effectiveness of the proposed DFRC scheme and the associate algorithm. 
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  2. In many multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) communication applications, two-dimensional (2D) rectangular arrays are used and the angular field of interest is different in the azimuth and elevation angle domains. In this paper, we show how to exploit scenarios with users confined to narrow elevation angles by means of 2D rectangular arrays with low-resolution spatial Σ∆ sampling in only one (i.e., the vertical) dimension. We analyze the 2D directions-of-arrival (DoA) estimation performance of MUSIC for such arrays, and illustrate the resulting advantage of the Σ∆ approach over standard one-bit receivers. 
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  3. Reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS) technology has recently emerged as a spectral- and cost-efficient approach for wireless communications systems. However, existing hand-engineered schemes for passive beamforming design and optimization of RIS, such as the alternating optimization (AO) approaches, require a high computational complexity, especially for multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) systems. To over-come this challenge, we propose a low-complexity unsupervised learning scheme, referred to as learning-phase-shift neural net-work (LPSNet), to efficiently find the solution to the spectral efficiency maximization problem in RIS-aided MIMO systems. In particular, the proposed LPSNet has an optimized input structure and requires a small number of layers and nodes to produce efficient phase shifts for the RIS. Simulation results for a 16 × 2 MIMO system assisted by an RIS with 40 elements show that the LPSNet achieves 97.25% of the SE provided by the AO counterpart with more than a 95% reduction in complexity. 
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  4. null (Ed.)
    Spatial ΣΔ sampling has recently been proposed to improve the performance of massive MIMO systems with low-resolution quantization for cases where the users are confined to a certain angular sector, or the array is spatially oversampled. We derive a linear minimum mean squared error (LMMSE) channel estimator for the ΣΔ array based on an element-wise Bussgang decomposition that reformulates the nonlinear quantizer operation using an equivalent linear model plus quantization noise. Both the case of one- and two-bit quantization is considered. We then evaluate the achievable rate of the ΣΔ system assuming that a linear receiver based on the LMMSE channel estimate is used to decode the data. Our numerical results demonstrate that ΣΔ architecture is able to achieve superior channel estimates and sum spectral efficiency compared to conventional low-resolution quantized massive MIMO systems. 
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  5. Recently a number of nonlinear precoding algorithms have been developed for designing a downlink transmit signal that is constrained by some nonlinearity, such as one-bit quantization, power-amplifier saturation or constant modulus. These methods use iterative search algorithms to directly design the signal that is transmitted from each antenna. Since the dimension of the search space equals the number of antennas, the computational complexity of these approaches can be high for massive MIMO scenarios. Thus, in this paper we pose the problem in a smaller dimensional space by constraining the signal prior to the nonlinearity to be the output of a linear precoder. The search is then over the vector of predistorted symbols at the input to the linear precoder, which is typically much smaller than the number of antennas. We focus on algorithms that minimize the bit error rate at the receivers, and show that performance can be obtained that is similar to algorithms that operate directly in the antenna domain. 
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