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  1. Abstract We combine multiple campaigns of K2 photometry with precision radial velocity measurements from Keck-HIRES to measure the masses of three sub-Neptune-sized planets. We confirm the planetary nature of the massive sub-Neptune K2-182 b ( P b = 4.7 days, R b = 2.69 R ⊕ ) and derive refined parameters for K2-199 b and c ( P b = 3.2 days, R b = 1.73 R ⊕ and P c = 7.4 days, R c = 2.85 R ⊕ ). These planets provide valuable data points in the mass–radius plane, especially as TESS continues to reveal an increasingly diversemore »sample of sub-Neptunes. The moderately bright ( V = 12.0 mag) early K dwarf K2-182 (EPIC 211359660) was observed during K2 campaigns 5 and 18. We find that K2-182 b is potentially one of the densest sub-Neptunes known to date (20 ± 5 M ⊕ and 5.6 ± 1.4 g cm −3 ). The K5V dwarf K2-199 (EPIC 212779596; V = 12.3 mag), observed in K2 campaigns 6 and 17, hosts two recently confirmed planets. We refine the orbital and planetary parameters for K2-199 b and c by modeling both campaigns of K2 photometry and adding 12 Keck-HIRES measurements to the existing radial velocity data set ( N = 33). We find that K2-199 b is likely rocky, at 6.9 ± 1.8 M ⊕ and 7.2 − 2.0 + 2.1 g cm −3 , and that K2-199 c has an intermediate density at 12.4 ± 2.3 M ⊕ and 2.9 − 0.6 + 0.7 g cm −3 . We contextualize these planets on the mass–radius plane, discuss a small but intriguing population of “superdense” sub-Neptunes ( R p < 3 R ⊕ , M p >20 M ⊕ ), and consider our prospects for the planets’ atmospheric characterization.« less
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 1, 2022
  2. Free, publicly-accessible full text available September 1, 2022
  3. Fitch, T. ; Lamm, C. ; Leder, H. ; Teßmar-Raible, K. (Ed.)
    Competence and morality are two of the most important dimensions in social evaluation. Recent studies have suggested the primacy of morality, showing that information about immorality of an ordinary target person decreases evaluation of their competence. We examined the effect of moral taint on multiple non-moral judgments: ratings of the competence, accomplishment, and contribution of fictitious professionals who were described as highly successful in various fields. Moral taint significantly decreased participants’ non-moral social evaluations of professionals regardless of their field. Mediation analyses showed that the negative impact of immoral character on competence judgments is more strongly mediated by the decreasemore »in participants’ psychological involvement with the target, rather than a decrease in perceived social intelligence of the target. These findings suggest that motivation to distance oneself from immoral others plays a critical role in the revision of social evaluations.« less
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available July 1, 2022
  4. This presentation reports different methods of making gallium-based liquid metal (LM) microfluidics passive frequency selective surfaces (FSS). In the first method Si wafer was dry-etched to form a mold and PDMS was replicated from the Si mold to create microfluidic channels with 5x5 array of 300μm width and 200 μm height for Jerusalem cross bars structure, surrounded by four fixed 2 x 1 x 0.2 mm structures. A PDMS lid having 1 mm diameter holes obtained from SLA 3D printed pillar array was aligned and bonded to the replicated PDMS to create sealed microfluidic channels. The bonded structure was placedmore »with lid upwards in an open top 3D printed container measuring 64mm x 64mmarea and 25 mm height. LM was flooded into the container and loaded in Temescal e-beam evaporator at atmospheric pressure. Pressure in evaporator was dropped to 5.75 x 10-6Torr. After a vacuum period of 2 hours LM filling takes place in microfluidic structures because of positive pressure differential introduced by atmospheric pressure. In second method 70 μmthick SU8-2075 stencil consisting of a patterned 1x1 array of see-through FSS structure of above-mentioned dimensions was released from oxidized Si wafer using7:1 BOE. The SU8-2075 stencil was placed over a partially cured PDMS. After complete PDMS curing, an airbrush filled with LM operating at 36 psi with spraying time of less than 5 seconds, placed 4-5 cm over the stencil yields the patterned 1x1 FSS structure after removal of SU8-2075.« less
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available May 26, 2022
  5. A major limitation for polymeric mixed ionic/electronic conductors (MIECs) is the trade-off between ionic and electronic conductivity; changes made that improve one typically hinder the other. In order to address this fundamental problem, this work provides insight into ways that we could improve one type of conduction without hindering the other. We investigated a common oligoethylene glycol side chain polymer by adjusting the oxygen atom content and position, providing structural insights for materials that better balanced the two conduction pathways. The investigated polymer series showed the prototypical conflict between ionic and electronic conduction for oxygen atom content, with increasing oxygenmore »atom content increasing ionic conductivity, but decreasing electronic conductivity; however, by increasing the oxygen atom distance from the polymer backbone, both ionic and electronic conductivity could be improved. Following these rules, we show that poly(3-(methoxyethoxybutyl)thiophene), when blended with lithium bistrifluoromethanesulfonimide (LiTFSI), matches the ionic conductivity of a comparable MIEC [poly(3-(methoxyethoxyethoxymethyl)thiophene)], while simultaneously showing higher electronic conductivity, highlighting the potential of this design strategy. We also provide strategies for tuning the MIEC performance to fit a desired application, depending on if electronic, ionic, or balanced conduction is most important. These results have implications beyond just polythiophene-based MIECs, as these strategies for balancing backbone crystallization and coordinating group interconnectivity apply for all semicrystalline conjugated polymers.« less
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available October 1, 2022
  6. Murali T., Narasimhan G. ; Rajasekaran S., Skums P. (Ed.)
    Subcellular localization plays important roles in protein’s functioning. In this paper, we developed a hidden Markov model to detect de novo signals in protein sequences that target at a particular cellular location: plasmodesmata. We also developed a support vector machine to classify plasmodesmata located proteins (PDLPs) in Arabidopsis, and devised a decision-tree approach to combine the SVM and HMM for better classification performance. The methods achieved high performance with ROC score 0.99 in cross-validation test on a set of 360 type I transmembrane proteins in Arabidopsis. The predicted PD targeting signals in one PDLP have been experimentally verified.
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available May 18, 2022
  7. Free, publicly-accessible full text available August 1, 2022
  8. Free, publicly-accessible full text available August 5, 2022
  9. The multiline ring anchor (MRA) was devised as a cost-effective means for securing floating offshore wind turbines (FOWTs) to the seabed. FOWTs occurring in arrays create the possibility for attaching mooring lines from multiple units to a single anchor. Additionally, the deep embedment of the MRA into relatively strong soil permits high load capacity to be achievable with a small and lighter anchor, thereby reducing anchor material, transport, and installation costs. However, since the MRA is shorter than a conventional caisson, features such as wing plates and keying flaps are needed to achieve parity in load capacity with a caissonmore »having a comparable diameter. Preliminary studies show that attaching wing plates to MRA in soft clay is highly effective in enhancing its horizontal load capacity, but only marginally effective in improving vertical load capacity. This motivated the current study investigating the use of keying flaps to further enhance vertical load capacity. Two-dimensional finite element analyses were conducted to understand how keying flaps impact on the failure mechanism of the stiffeners and provide reliable evaluations of the uplift resistance of the MRA. The results show that the thickness of the stiffener, flap length, and flap angle can affect the failure mechanism and bearing factors. For the optimal design of the stiffener, a comparative study was carried out to compare the effects of keying flaps and thickness of the stiffener. The studies show that introducing keying flaps can have comparable load capacity with thicker stiffeners, and that it can be an economical solution for achieving high vertical load capacity while containing material and fabrication costs.« less
  10. Free, publicly-accessible full text available April 3, 2022