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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available February 7, 2025
  2. The museum field has begun exploring the effects of facilitation on visitors’ learning, focusing on facilitation by museum staff inside museum buildings. However, some museum professionals contend that museums have a responsibility to serve their communities in the spaces where community members spend time, rather than expecting the public to come to them. Less is known about the effects of facilitation on visitors in urban outdoor spaces where interactions with facilitators are unexpected. The present study contributes to this line of literature by describing a quasi-experimental study that assessed the effects of exhibition facilitation led by community stewards using a trauma-informed approach in an outdoor, freely accessible civic plaza. Video observation and visitor interview data were collected. The present study found that facilitation increased visitors’ exhibit usage, overall satisfaction, and some but not all assessed areas of affective and metacognitive learning. The study highlights the value of research conducted in partnership and the power of content-humanizing facilitation. 
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available February 12, 2025
  3. Free, publicly-accessible full text available November 1, 2024
  4. Abstract

    The nucleus is a complex many-body system with some remarkable emergent collective properties of multiple nucleons acting together. Bohr and Mottelson [1] provided a description of collective motion in nuclei based on geometrical shapes with superimposed oscillations around those shapes. Later, Lie algebras and symmetries were used to describe nuclear dynamics [2], followed by advances in the shell model approach [3] with new effective nucleon-nucleon two- and three-body interactions, and more recently with Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov approximations within the extended generator coordinate method [4]. Yet, the underlying science question has remained the same. In nuclei, where there is explicit deformation in the ground state, “are the low-lying 0+states collective vibrations built on the ground state or are they minima of a coexisting shape?” Ref. [4] has shown that for a significant percentage ofK= 0+excitations built on the deformed ground state (g.s.) should, in fact, be a collective vibration. The question has remained open due to sufficiently convincing experimental data with lifetimes, transfer reaction cross sections, andE0 transitions [5]. This paper summarizes the experimental situation regarding the lifetimes of 0+states.

     
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available October 1, 2024
  5. Free, publicly-accessible full text available August 9, 2024
  6. Free, publicly-accessible full text available March 1, 2025
  7. Free, publicly-accessible full text available July 1, 2024
  8. Seagrasses play an important role in coastal ecosystems and serve as important marine carbon stores. Acoustic monitoring techniques exploit the sensitivity of underwater sound to bubbles, which are produced as a byproduct of photosynthesis and present within the seagrass tissue. To make accurate assessments of seagrass biomass and productivity, a model is needed to describe acoustic propagation through the seagrass meadow that includes the effects of gas contained within the seagrass leaves. For this purpose, a new seagrass leaf model is described for Thalassia testudinum that consists of a comparatively rigid epidermis that composes the outer shell of the leaf and comparatively compliant aerenchyma that surrounds the gas channels on the interior of the leaf. With the bulk modulus and density of the seagrass tissue determined by previous work, this study focused on characterizing the shear moduli of the epidermis and aerenchyma. These properties were determined through a combination of dynamic mechanical analysis and acoustic resonator measurements coupled with microscopic imagery and finite element modeling. The shear moduli varied as a function of length along the leaves with values of 100 and 1.8 MPa at the basal end and 900 and 3.7 MPa at the apical end for the epidermis and aerenchyma, respectively.

     
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  9. Acoustic propagation measurements were collected in a seagrass meadow in a shallow lagoon for periods of over 65 h in winter and 93 h in summer. A bottom-deployed sound source transmitted chirps (0.1–100 kHz) every 10 min that were received on a four-receiver horizontal hydrophone array. Oceanographic probes measured various environmental parameters. Daytime broadband acoustic attenuation was 2.4 dB greater in summer than winter, and the median received acoustic energy levels were 8.4 dB lower in summer compared to winter. These differences were attributed in part to seasonal changes in photosynthesis bubble production and above-ground seagrass biomass.

     
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