skip to main content

Search for: All records

Creators/Authors contains: "Lev, E."

Note: When clicking on a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) number, you will be taken to an external site maintained by the publisher. Some full text articles may not yet be available without a charge during the embargo (administrative interval).
What is a DOI Number?

Some links on this page may take you to non-federal websites. Their policies may differ from this site.


    The environment of S187, a nearby H ii region (1.4 ± 0.3 kpc), is analyzed. A surrounding shell has been studied in the H i line, molecular lines, and also in infrared and radio continua. We report the first evidence of a clumpy H i environment in its photodissociation region. A background radio galaxy enables the estimation of the properties of cold atomic gas. The estimated atomic mass fraction of the shell is ∼260 M⊙, the median spin temperature is ∼50 K, the shell size is ∼4 pc with typical wall width around 0.2 pc. The atomic shell consists of ∼100 fragments. The fragment sizes correlate with mass with a power-law index of 2.39–2.50. The S187 shell has a complex kinematical structure, including the expanding quasi-spherical layer, molecular envelope, an atomic sub-bubble inside the shell and two dense cores (S187 SE and S187 NE) at different stages of evolution. The atomic sub-bubble inside the shell is young, contains a Class II young stellar object and OH maser in the centre and the associated YSOs in the walls of the bubble. S187 SE and S187 NE have similar masses (∼1200 and ∼900 M⊙, respectively). S187 SE is embedded into the atomic shell and has a number of associated objects, including high-mass protostars, outflows, maser sources, and other indicators of ongoing star formation. No YSOs inside S187 NE were detected, but indications of compression and heating by the H ii region exist.

    more » « less
  2. null (Ed.)
  3. Abstract

    Multiphase suspensions are complex systems where microscopic interactions between suspended bubbles, particles, and liquids can significantly alter bulk behavior. Observing the internal mechanics of such suspensions can help constrain the dynamics of natural multiphase flows. To capture these internal processes at high speed and in three dimensions, we propose the use of Swept Confocally Aligned Planar Excitation (SCAPE) microscopy in analog experiments. This imaging technique, developed for neuroscience and biology, uses a sweeping light sheet to illuminate and image fluorophores within a sample. We performed experiments using water and various oils as the liquid phases, glass or PMMA particles for solids, and air or CO2for gas, which we imaged at rates >50 volumes per second, over a volume size of ∼1 × 1 × 0.4 mm. We focused on three case studies: (1) bubble nucleation, growth, and rise in sparkling water, where we found that bubble detachment from angular PMMA particles left residual bubbles that also grew and detached, generating more bubbles compared to smooth particles; (2) flow of immiscible liquids (water droplets suspended in canola oil) in a porous matrix of PMMA beads, which highlighted the importance of pore and throat sizes on droplet velocities; and (3) injection of air bubbles into concentrated suspensions of glass beads or crushed PMMA particles in a refractive‐index‐matched liquid, which revealed particle motion and strong alterations of the bubble shape. We conclude that SCAPE microscopy is a powerful tool to study the dynamics of multiphase systems.

    more » « less