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  1. Abstract

    This article presents a nonlinear leaky wave antenna (LWA) with frequency dependent parametric radiation based on a fundamentally slow‐wave transmission line (TL) structure. Unlike a conventional LWA that radiates at the excitation frequency, the radiation for the proposed travelling wave structure relies on the parametric frequencies based on the injected pump signals. The proposed nonlinear fundamentally slow wave structure utilizes a periodic sharply bend TL loaded by varactor diodes as nonlinear elements. By utilizing then = −1 spatial harmonic, the fundamentally slow wave structure can enter the leaky wave region at higher frequencies, where the parametric radiation results from the bifurcation of the injected pump signals. Such TL‐based nonlinear LWA reduces the design complexity and fabrication difficulty. The resulting parametric frequency radiation can be used for beam steering, which provides additional degree of design freedom.

     
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  2. Abstract

    Although the reversible and inexpensive energy storage characteristics of the lithium–sulfur (Li‐S) battery have made it a promising candidate for electrical energy storage, the dendrite growth (anode) and shuttle effect (cathode) hinder its practical application. Here, it is shown that new electrolytes for Li‐S batteries promote the simultaneous formation of bilateral solid electrolyte interfaces on the sulfur‐host cathode and lithium anode, thus effectively suppressing the shuttle effect and dendrite growth. These high‐capacity Li‐S batteries with new electrolytes exhibit a long‐term cycling stability, ultrafast‐charge/slow‐discharge rates, super‐low self‐discharge performance, and a capacity retention of 94.9% even after a 130 d long storage. Importantly, the long cycle stability of these industrial grade high‐capacity Li‐S pouch cells with new electrolytes will provide the basis for creating robust energy dense Li‐S batteries with an extensive life cycle.

     
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