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  1. ABSTRACT

    We use 3653 (2661 RRab, 992 RRc) RR Lyrae stars (RRLs) with 7D (3D position, 3D velocity, and metallicity) information selected from Sloan Digital Sky Survey, Large Sky Area Multi-Object Fiber Spectroscopic Telescope, and Gaia EDR3, and divide the sample into two Oosterhoff groups (Oo I and Oo II) according to their amplitude–period behaviour in the Bailey diagram. We present a comparative study of these two groups based on chemistry, kinematics, and dynamics. We find that Oo I RRLs are relatively more metal-rich, with predominately radially dominated orbits and large eccentricities, while Oo II RRLs are relatively more metal-poor, and have mildly radially dominated orbits. The Oosterhoff dichotomy of the Milky Way’s halo is more apparent for the inner-halo region than for the outer-halo region. Additionally, we also search for this phenomenon in the haloes of the two largest satellite galaxies, the Large and Small Magellanic clouds, and compare over different bins in metallicity. We find that the Oosterhoff dichotomy is not immutable, and varies based on position in the Galaxy and from galaxy to galaxy. We conclude that the Oosterhoff dichotomy is the result of a combination of stellar and galactic evolution, and that it is much more complex than the dichotomy originally identified in Galactic globular clusters.

     
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  2. Abstract

    By employing a chiral bifunctional phosphine ligand, a gold(I)‐catalyzed efficient and highly enantioselective dearomatization of phenols is achieved via versatile metal‐ligand cooperation. The reaction is proven to be remarkably general in scope, permitting substitutions at all four remaining benzene positions, accommodating electron‐withdrawing groups including strongly deactivating nitro, and allowing carbon‐based groups of varying steric bulk includingtert‐butyl at the alkyne terminus. Moreover, besidesN‐(o‐hydroxyphenyl)alkynamides, the corresponding ynoates and ynones are all suitable substrates. Spirocyclohexadienone‐pyrrol‐2‐ones, spirocyclohexadienone‐butenolides, and spirocyclohexadenone‐cyclopentenones are formed in yields up to 99 % and with ee up to 99 %.

     
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  3. Abstract

    By employing a chiral bifunctional phosphine ligand, a gold(I)‐catalyzed efficient and highly enantioselective dearomatization of phenols is achieved via versatile metal‐ligand cooperation. The reaction is proven to be remarkably general in scope, permitting substitutions at all four remaining benzene positions, accommodating electron‐withdrawing groups including strongly deactivating nitro, and allowing carbon‐based groups of varying steric bulk includingtert‐butyl at the alkyne terminus. Moreover, besidesN‐(o‐hydroxyphenyl)alkynamides, the corresponding ynoates and ynones are all suitable substrates. Spirocyclohexadienone‐pyrrol‐2‐ones, spirocyclohexadienone‐butenolides, and spirocyclohexadenone‐cyclopentenones are formed in yields up to 99 % and with ee up to 99 %.

     
    more » « less