skip to main content

Search for: All records

Creators/Authors contains: "Li, Zhenglu"

Note: When clicking on a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) number, you will be taken to an external site maintained by the publisher. Some full text articles may not yet be available without a charge during the embargo (administrative interval).
What is a DOI Number?

Some links on this page may take you to non-federal websites. Their policies may differ from this site.

  1. X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) is a powerful experimental technique to probe the local order in materials with core electron excitations. Experimental interpretation requires supporting theoretical calculations. For water, these calculations are very demanding and, to date, could only be done with major approximations that limited the accuracy of the calculated spectra. This prompted an intense debate on whether a substantial revision of the standard picture of tetrahedrally bonded water was necessary to improve the agreement of theory and experiment. Here, we report a first-principles calculation of the XAS of water that avoids the approximations of prior work, thanks to recent advances in electron excitation theory. The calculated XAS spectra, and their variation with changes of temperature and/or with isotope substitution, are in good quantitative agreement with experiments. The approach requires accurate quasiparticle wave functions beyond density functional theory approximations, accounts for the dynamics of quasiparticles, and includes dynamic screening as well as renormalization effects due to the continuum of valence-level excitations. The three features observed in the experimental spectra are unambiguously attributed to excitonic effects. The preedge feature is associated with a bound intramolecular exciton, the main-edge feature is associated with an exciton localized within the coordination shell of themore »excited molecule, and the postedge feature is delocalized over more distant neighbors, as expected for a resonant state. The three features probe the local order at short, intermediate, and longer range relative to the excited molecule. The calculated spectra are fully consistent with a standard tetrahedral picture of water.« less
  2. Abstract

    The recent discovery of magnetism in atomically thin layers of van der Waals crystals has created great opportunities for exploring light–matter interactions and magneto-optical phenomena in the two-dimensional limit. Optical and magneto-optical experiments have provided insights into these topics, revealing strong magnetic circular dichroism and giant Kerr signals in atomically thin ferromagnetic insulators. However, the nature of the giant magneto-optical responses and their microscopic mechanism remain unclear. Here, by performing first-principlesGWand Bethe-Salpeter equation calculations, we show that excitonic effects dominate the optical and magneto-optical responses in the prototypical two-dimensional ferromagnetic insulator, CrI3. We simulate the Kerr and Faraday effects in realistic experimental setups, and based on which we predict the sensitive frequency- and substrate-dependence of magneto-optical responses. These findings provide physical understanding of the phenomena as well as potential design principles for engineering magneto-optical and optoelectronic devices using two-dimensional magnets.