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  1. Two-dimensional (2D) molybdenum ditelluride (MoTe 2 ) is an interesting material for fundamental study and applications, due to its ability to exist in different polymorphs of 2H, 1T, and 1T′, their phase change behavior, and unique electronic properties. Although much progress has been made in the growth of high-quality flakes and films of 2H and 1T′-MoTe 2 phases, phase-selective growth of all three phases remains a huge challenge, due to the lack of enough information on their growth mechanism. Herein, we present a novel approach to growing films and geometrical-shaped few-layer flakes of 2D 2H-, 1T-, and 1T′-MoTe 2 by atmospheric-pressure chemical vapor deposition (APCVD) and present a thorough understanding of the phase-selective growth mechanism by employing the concept of thermodynamics and chemical kinetics involved in the growth processes. Our approach involves optimization of growth parameters and understanding using thermodynamical software, HSC Chemistry. A lattice strain-mediated mechanism has been proposed to explain the phase selective growth of 2D MoTe 2 , and different chemical kinetics-guided strategies have been developed to grow MoTe 2 flakes and films.
  2. Recently, a zipper two-dimensional (2D) material Bi 2 O 2 Se belonging to the layered bismuth oxychalcogenide (Bi 2 O 2 X: X = S, Se, Te) family, has emerged as an alternate candidate to van der Waals 2D materials for high-performance electronic and optoelectronic applications. This hints towards exploring the other members of the Bi 2 O 2 X family for their true potential and bismuth oxysulfide (Bi 2 O 2 S) could be the next member for such applications. Here, we demonstrate for the first time, the scalable room-temperature chemical synthesis and near-infrared (NIR) photodetection of ultrathin Bi 2 O 2 S nanosheets. The thickness of the freestanding nanosheets was around 2–3 nm with a lateral dimension of ∼80–100 nm. A solution-processed NIR photodetector was fabricated from ultrathin Bi 2 O 2 S nanosheets. The photodetector showed high performance, under 785 nm laser illumination, with a photoresponsivity of 4 A W −1 , an external quantum efficiency of 630%, and a normalized photocurrent-to-dark-current ratio of 1.3 × 10 10 per watt with a fast response time of 100 ms. Taken together, the findings suggest that Bi 2 O 2 S nanosheets could be a promising alternative 2D materialmore »for next-generation large-area flexible electronic and optoelectronic devices.« less
  3. Transition metal carbides (MXenes) are an emerging family of highly conductive two-dimensional materials with additional functional properties introduced by surface terminations. Further modification of the surface terminations makes MXenes even more appealing for practical applications. Herein, we report a facile and environmentally benign synthesis of reduced Ti 3 C 2 T x MXene (r-Ti 3 C 2 T x ) via a simple treatment with l -ascorbic acid at room temperature. r-Ti 3 C 2 T x shows a six-fold increase in electrical conductivity, from 471 ± 49 for regular Ti 3 C 2 T x to 2819 ± 306 S m −1 for the reduced version. Additionally, we show an enhanced oxidation stability of r-Ti 3 C 2 T x as compared to regular Ti 3 C 2 T x . An examination of the surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) activity reveals that the SERS enhancement factor of r-Ti 3 C 2 T x is an order of magnitude higher than that of regular Ti 3 C 2 T x . The improved SERS activity of r-Ti 3 C 2 T x is attributed to the charge transfer interaction between the MXene surface and probe molecules, re-enforced by an increasedmore »electronic density of states (DOS) at the Fermi level of r-Ti 3 C 2 T x . The findings of this study suggest that reduced MXene could be a superior choice over regular MXene, especially for the applications that employ high electronic conductivity, such as electrode materials for batteries and supercapacitors, photodetectors, and SERS-based sensors.« less