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  1. Live-cell imaging reveals the phenotypes and mechanisms of cellular function and their dysfunction that underscore cell physiology, development, and pathology. Here, we report a 3D super-resolution live-cell microscopy method by integrating radiality analysis and Fourier light-field microscopy (rad-FLFM). We demonstrated the method using various live-cell specimens, including actins in Hela cells, microtubules in mammary organoid cells, and peroxisomes in COS-7 cells. Compared with conventional wide-field microscopy,rad-FLFM realizes scanning-free, volumetric 3D live-cell imaging with sub-diffraction-limited resolution of ∼150 nm (x-y) and 300 nm (z), milliseconds volume acquisition time, six-fold extended depth of focus of ∼6 µm, and low photodamage. The method provides a promising avenue to explore spatiotemporal-challenging subcellular processes in a wide range of cell biological research.

  2. Free, publicly-accessible full text available July 1, 2023
  3. Free, publicly-accessible full text available October 1, 2023
  4. ABSTRACT Submillimetre galaxies represent a rapid growth phase of both star formation and massive galaxies. Mapping SMGs in galaxy protoclusters provides key insights into where and how these extreme starbursts take place in connections with the assembly of the large-scale structure in the early Universe. We search for SMGs at 850 $\rm{\mu m}$ using JCMT/SCUBA-2 in two massive protoclusters at z = 2.24, BOSS1244 and BOSS1542, and detect 43 and 54 sources with S850 > 4 mJy at the 4σ level within an effective area of 264 arcmin2, respectively. We construct the intrinsic number counts and find that the abundance of SMGs is 2.0 ± 0.3 and 2.1 ± 0.2 times that of the general fields, confirming that BOSS1244 and BOSS1542 contain a higher fraction of dusty galaxies with strongly enhanced star formation. The volume densities of the SMGs are estimated to be ∼15–30 times the average, significantly higher than the overdensity factor (∼6) traced by H α emission-line galaxies (HAEs). More importantly, we discover a prominent offset between the spatial distributions of the two populations in these two protoclusters – SMGs are mostly located around the high-density regions of HAEs, and few are seen inside these regions. This finding may have revealed for the first time the occurrence of violentmore »star formation enhancement in the outskirts of the HAE density peaks, likely driven by the boosting of gas supplies and/or starburst triggering events. Meanwhile, the lack of SMGs inside the most overdense regions at z ∼ 2 implies a transition to the environment disfavouring extreme starbursts.« less
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available April 10, 2023
  5. Volumetric interrogation of the organization and processes of intracellular organelles and molecules in cellular systems with a high spatiotemporal resolution is essential for understanding cell physiology, development, and pathology. Here, we report high-resolution Fourier light-field microscopy (HR-FLFM) for fast and volumetric live-cell imaging. HR-FLFM transforms conventional cell microscopy and enables exploration of less accessible spatiotemporal-limiting regimes for single-cell studies. The results present a near-diffraction-limited resolution in all three dimensions, a five-fold extended focal depth to several micrometers, and a scanning-free volume acquisition time up to milliseconds. The system demonstrates instrumentation accessibility, low photo damage for continuous observation, and high compatibility with general cell assays. We anticipate HR-FLFM to offer a promising methodological pathway for investigating a wide range of intracellular processes and functions with exquisite spatiotemporal contextual details.

  6. Abstract

    We introduce wFLFM, an approach that enhances the resolution of Fourier light-field microscopy (FLFM) through a hybrid wide-field image. The system exploits the intrinsic compatibility of image formation between the on-axis FLFM elemental image and the wide-field image, allowing for minimal instrumental and computational complexity. The numerical and experimental results of wFLFM present a two- to three-fold improvement in the lateral resolution without compromising the 3D imaging capability in comparison with conventional FLFM.

  7. Abstract

    We report a layered ternary selenide BaPt4Se6featuring sesqui-selenide Pt2Se3layers sandwiched by Ba atoms. The Pt2Se3layers in this compound can be derived from the Dirac-semimetal PtSe2phase with Se vacancies that form a honeycomb structure. This structure results in a Pt (VI) and Pt (II) mixed-valence compound with both PtSe6octahedra and PtSe4square net coordination configurations. Temperature-dependent electrical transport measurements suggest two distinct anomalies: a resistivity crossover, mimic to the metal-insulator (M-I) transition at ~150 K, and a resistivity plateau at temperatures below 10 K. The resistivity crossover is not associated with any structural, magnetic, or charge order modulated phase transitions. Magnetoresistivity, Hall, and heat capacity measurements concurrently suggest an existing hidden state below 5 K in this system. Angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy measurements reveal a metallic state and no dramatic reconstruction of the electronic structure up to 200 K.