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  1. Jadbabaie, Ali ; Lygeros, John ; Pappas, George J. ; Parrilo, Pablo ; Recht, Benjamin ; Scaramuzza, Davide ; Tomlin, Claire J. ; Zeilinger, Melanie N. (Ed.)
  2. This paper presents a Brownian-approximation framework to optimize the quality of experience (QoE) for real-time video streaming in wireless networks. In real-time video streaming, one major challenge is to tackle the natural tension between the two most critical QoE metrics: playback latency and video interruption. To study this trade-off, we first propose an analytical model that precisely captures all aspects of the playback process of a real-time video stream, including playback latency, video interruptions, and packet dropping. Built on this model, we show that the playback process of a real-time video can be approximated by a two-sided reflected Brownian motion. Through such Brownian approximation, we are able to study the fundamental limits of the two QoE metrics and characterize a necessary and sufficient condition for a set of QoE performance requirements to be feasible. We propose a scheduling policy that satisfies any feasible set of QoE performance requirements and then obtain simple rules on the trade-off between playback latency and the video interrupt rates, in both heavy-traffic and under-loaded regimes. Finally, simulation results verify the accuracy of the proposed approximation and show that the proposed policy outperforms other popular baseline policies.
  3. Abstract—The emergence of remote sensing technologies cou- pled with local monitoring workstations enables us the un- precedented ability to monitor the environment in large scale. Information mining from multi-channel geo-spatiotemporal data however poses great challenges to many computational sustainability applications. Most existing approaches adopt various dimensionality reduction techniques without fully taking advantage of the spatiotemporal nature of the data. In addition, the lack of labeled training data raises another challenge for modeling such data. In this work, we propose a novel semi-supervised attention-based deep representation model that learns context-aware spatiotemporal representations for prediction tasks. A combination of convolutional neural networks with a hybrid attention mechanism is adopted to extract spatial and temporal variations in the geo-spatiotemporal data. Recognizing the importance of capturing more complete temporal dependencies, we propose the hybrid attention mechanism which integrates a learnable global query into the classic self-attention mechanism. To overcome the data scarcity issue, sampled spatial and temporal context that naturally reside in the largely-available unlabeled geo-spatiotemporal data are exploited to aid meaningful representation learning. We conduct experiments on a large-scale real-world crop yield prediction task. The results show that our methods significantly outperforms existing state-of-the-art yield prediction methods, especially under the stress of trainingmore »data scarcity.« less