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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available June 27, 2025
  2. A total of 14 extensometers were installed in Houston-Galveston Region, Texas, USA, at 12 locations to record compaction. The earliest extensometer began to record compaction in 1973. Records from three of the extensometers installed at Baytown (Shallow and Deep) and Pasadena exhibit anomalous subsidence from 2009 to 2017. The maximum compaction occurred around 2014 with Baytown Shallow recording 164 mm, Baytown Deep 72 mm, and Pasadena 135 mm. The anomalous subsidence exhibits features not related to primary consolidation subsidence (PCS) and secondary consolidation subsidence (SCS) of the Gulf Coast Aquifer System (GCAS). Groundwater level records at the extensometer locations indicate that the anomalous subsidence is not related to groundwater exploitation and creep of the GCAS in this region. Analysis of compaction data for the three sites indicates that the subsidence is partially elastic. Salt dome growth/evolution resulting in activation/reactivation of subsurface and surface faults is proposed as the mechanism responsible for the anomalous subsidence. 
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  3. Abstract

    Magnetic reconnection occurs ubiquitously in the universe and is often invoked to explain fast energy release and particle acceleration in high-energy astrophysics. The study of relativistic magnetic reconnection in the magnetically dominated regime has surged over the past two decades, revealing the physics of fast magnetic reconnection and nonthermal particle acceleration. Here we review these recent progresses, including the magnetohydrodynamic and collisionless reconnection dynamics as well as particle energization. The insights in astrophysical reconnection strongly connect to the development of magnetic reconnection in other areas, and further communication is greatly desired. We also provide a summary and discussion of key physics processes and frontier problems, toward a better understanding of the roles of magnetic reconnection in high-energy astrophysics.

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  4. Chemical reactions, in which bonds break and form, are highly dynamic quantum processes. A fundamental question is whether coherence can be preserved in chemical reactions and then harnessed to generate entangled products. Here we investigated this question by studying the 2KRbK2+ Rb2reaction at 500 nanokelvins, focusing on the nuclear spin degrees of freedom. We prepared the initial nuclear spins in KRb (potassium-rubidium) in an entangled state by lowering the magnetic field to where the spin-spin interaction dominates and characterized the preserved coherence in nuclear spin wave function after the reaction. We observed an interference pattern that is consistent with full coherence at the end of the reaction, suggesting that entanglement prepared within the reactants could be redistributed through the atom-exchange process.

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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available June 7, 2025
  5. A facile on-line SPE-LC-MS/MS method for quantification of nucleobases and nucleosides in urine and saliva.

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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available April 25, 2025
  6. Abstract

    The scaling of the relativistic reconnection outflow speed is studied in the presence of both shear flows parallel to the reconnecting magnetic fields and guide fields pointing out of the reconnection plane. In nonrelativistic reconnection, super-Alfvénic shear flows have been found to suppress reconnection. We extend the analytical model of this phenomenon to the relativistic regime and find similar behavior, which is confirmed by particle-in-cell simulations. Unlike the nonrelativistic limit, the addition of a guide field lowers the in-plane Alfvén velocity, contributing to slower outflow jets and the more efficient suppression of reconnection in strongly magnetized plasmas.

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  7. We explore utilizing our previously observed reactive nuclear spin coherence to control the KRb + KRb ultracold chemical reaction to realize a reaction interferometer.

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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available January 1, 2025
  8. User-associated contents play an increasingly important role in modern network applications. With growing deployments of edge servers, the capacity of content storage in edge clusters significantly increases, which provides great potential to satisfy content requests with much shorter latency. However, the large number of contents also causes the difficulty of searching contents on edge servers in different locations because indexing contents costs huge DRAM on each edge server. In this work, we explore the opportunity of efficiently indexing user-associated contents and propose a scalable content-sharing mechanism for edge servers, called EdgeCut, that significantly reduces content access latency by allowing many edge servers to share their cached contents. We design a compact and dynamic data structure called Ludo Locator that returns the IP address of the edge server that stores the requested user-associated content. We have implemented a prototype of EdgeCut in a real network environment running in a public geo-distributed cloud. The experiment results show that EdgeCut reduces content access latency by up to 50% and reduces cloud traffic by up to 50% compared to existing solutions. The memory cost is less than 50MB for 10 million mobile users. The simulations using real network latency data show EdgeCut’s advantages over existing solutions on a large scale. 
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 6, 2024
  9. Plants are constantly exposed to volatile organic compounds (VOCs) that are released during plant-plant communication, within-plant self-signaling, and plant-microbe interactions. Therefore, understanding VOC perception and downstream signaling is vital for unraveling the mechanisms behind information exchange in plants, which remain largely unexplored. Using the hormone-like function of volatile terpenoids in reproductive organ development as a system with a visual marker for communication, we demonstrate that a petunia karrikin-insensitive receptor, PhKAI2ia, stereospecifically perceives the (−)-germacrene D signal, triggering a KAI2-mediated signaling cascade and affecting plant fitness. This study uncovers the role(s) of the intermediate clade of KAI2 receptors, illuminates the involvement of a KAI2ia-dependent signaling pathway in volatile communication, and provides new insights into plant olfaction and the long-standing question about the nature of potential endogenous KAI2 ligand(s).

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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available March 22, 2025
  10. Free, publicly-accessible full text available January 1, 2025