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  1. The interaction and dimension of points are two important axes in designing point operators to serve hierarchical 3D models. Yet, these two axes are heterogeneous and challenging to fully explore. Existing works craft point operator under a single axis and reuse the crafted operator in all parts of 3D models. This overlooks the opportunity to better combine point interactions and dimensions by exploiting varying geometry/density of 3D point clouds. In this work, we establish PIDS, a novel paradigm to jointly explore point interactions and point dimensions to serve semantic segmentation on point cloud data. We establish a large search space to jointly consider versatile point interactions and point dimensions. This supports point operators with various geometry/density considerations. The enlarged search space with heterogeneous search components calls for a better ranking of candidate models. To achieve this, we improve the search space exploration by leveraging predictor-based Neural Architecture Search (NAS), and enhance the quality of prediction by assigning unique encoding to heterogeneous search components based on their priors. We thoroughly evaluate the networks crafted by PIDS on two semantic segmentation benchmarks, showing 1% mIOU improvement on SemanticKITTI and S3DIS over state-of-the-art 3D models. 
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  2. The interaction and dimension of points are two important axes in designing point operators to serve hierarchical 3D models. Yet, these two axes are heterogeneous and challenging to fully explore. Existing works craft point operator under a single axis and reuse the crafted operator in all parts of 3D models. This overlooks the opportunity to better combine point interactions and dimensions by exploiting varying geometry/density of 3D point clouds. In this work, we establish PIDS, a novel paradigm to jointly explore point interactions and point dimensions to serve semantic segmentation on point cloud data. We establish a large search space to jointly consider versatile point interactions and point dimensions. This supports point operators with various geometry/density considerations. The enlarged search space with heterogeneous search components calls for a better ranking of candidate models. To achieve this, we improve the search space exploration by leveraging predictor-based Neural Architecture Search (NAS), and enhance the quality of prediction by assigning unique encoding to heterogeneous search components based on their priors. We thoroughly evaluate the networks crafted by PIDS on two semantic segmentation benchmarks, showing ∼ 1% mIOU improvement on SemanticKITTI and S3DIS over state-of-the-art 3D models. 
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  3. Accurate and efficient on-chip power modeling is crucial to runtime power, energy, and voltage management. Such power monitoring can be achieved by designing and integrating on-chip power meters (OPMs) into the target design. In this work, we propose a new method named DEEP to automatically develop extremely efficient OPM solutions for a given design. DEEP selects OPM inputs from all individual bits in RTL signals. Such bit-level selection provides an unprecedentedly large number of input candidates and supports lower hardware cost, compared with signal-level selection in prior works. In addition, DEEP proposes a powerful two-step OPM input selection method, and it supports reporting both total power and the power of major design components. Experiments on a commercial microprocessor demonstrate that DEEP’s OPM solution achieves correlation 𝑅 > 0.97 in per-cycle power prediction with an unprecedented low area overhead on hardware, i.e., < 0.1% of the microprocessor layout. This reduces the OPM hardware cost by 4 − 6× compared with the state-of-the-art solution. 
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