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  1. Abstract

    Immobilization of biomolecules into porous materials could lead to significantly enhanced performance in terms of stability towards harsh reaction conditions and easier separation for their reuse. Metal-Organic Frameworks (MOFs), offering unique structural features, have emerged as a promising platform for immobilizing large biomolecules. Although many indirect methods have been used to investigate the immobilized biomolecules for diverse applications, understanding their spatial arrangement in the pores of MOFs is still preliminary due to the difficulties in directly monitoring their conformations. To gain insights into the spatial arrangement of biomolecules within the nanopores. We used in situ small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) to probe deuterated green fluorescent protein (d-GFP) entrapped in a mesoporous MOF. Our work revealed that GFP molecules are spatially arranged in adjacent nanosized cavities of MOF-919 to form “assembly” through adsorbate-adsorbate interactions across pore apertures. Our findings, therefore, lay a crucial foundation for the identification of proteins structural basics under confinement environment of MOFs.

     
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  2. Poly(pyridinium salts) (PPSs) with positive charges on the backbones were designed and synthesized from the transformation of bispyrylium salts. Such materials exhibited good uptake capacity for rhenium capture from water, and excellent selectivity of ReO 4 − from competing anions. Furthermore, the advantages of facile synthesis and large-scale preparation make this material promising for practical use in industry. 
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  3. Abstract

    Water pollution is a growing threat to humanity due to the pervasiveness of contaminants in water bodies. Significant efforts have been made to separate these hazardous components to purify polluted water through various methods. However, conventional remediation methods suffer from limitations such as low uptake capacity or selectivity, and current water quality standards cannot be met. Recently, advanced porous materials (APMs) have shown promise in improved segregation of contaminants compared to traditional porous materials in uptake capacity and selectivity. These materials feature merits of high surface area and versatile functionality, rendering them ideal platforms for the design of novel adsorbents. This Review summarizes the development and employment of APMs in a variety of water treatments accompanied by assessments of task‐specific adsorption performance. Finally, we discuss our perspectives on future opportunities for APMs in water purification.

     
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  4. Abstract

    Water pollution is a growing threat to humanity due to the pervasiveness of contaminants in water bodies. Significant efforts have been made to separate these hazardous components to purify polluted water through various methods. However, conventional remediation methods suffer from limitations such as low uptake capacity or selectivity, and current water quality standards cannot be met. Recently, advanced porous materials (APMs) have shown promise in improved segregation of contaminants compared to traditional porous materials in uptake capacity and selectivity. These materials feature merits of high surface area and versatile functionality, rendering them ideal platforms for the design of novel adsorbents. This Review summarizes the development and employment of APMs in a variety of water treatments accompanied by assessments of task‐specific adsorption performance. Finally, we discuss our perspectives on future opportunities for APMs in water purification.

     
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  5. Abstract

    Herein, we report a strategy to construct highly efficient perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) adsorbents by installing synergistic electrostatic/hydrophobic sites onto porous organic polymers (POPs). The constructed model material of PAF-1-NDMB (NDMB = N,N-dimethyl-butylamine) demonstrates an exceptionally high PFOA uptake capacity over 2000 mg g−1, which is 14.8 times enhancement compared with its parent material of PAF-1. And it is 32.0 and 24.1 times higher than benchmark materials of DFB-CDP (β-cyclodextrin (β-CD)-based polymer network) and activated carbon under the same conditions. Furthermore, PAF-1-NDMB exhibits the highestk2value of 24,000 g mg−1h−1among all reported PFOA sorbents. And it can remove 99.99% PFOA from 1000 ppb to <70 ppt within 2 min, which is lower than the advisory level of Environmental Protection Agency of United States. This work thus not only provides a generic approach for constructing PFOA adsorbents, but also develops POPs as a platform for PFOA capture.

     
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  6. null (Ed.)
    Conjugated microporous polymers (CMPs) are an emerging class of porous organic polymers that combine -conjugated skeletons with permanent micropores. Since their first report in 2007, the enormous exploration of linkage types, building units, and synthetic methods for CMPs have facilitated their potential applications in various areas, from gas separations to energy storage. Owning to their unique construction, CMPs offer the opportunity for the precise design of conjugated skeletons and pore environment engineering, which allow the construction of functional porous materials at the molecular level. The capability to chemically alter CMPs to targeted applications allows for the fine adaptation of functionalities for the ever changing environments and necessities. Bifunctional CMPs are a branch of functionalized CMPs that have caught interest of researchers because of their inherent synergistic systems that can expand their applications and optimize their performance. This review attempts to discuss the rational design and synthesis for bifunctional CMPs and summarize their advanced applications. To conclude, our own perspective on the research prospect of this type of material is outlined. 
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