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Creators/Authors contains: "Ma, Xuedan"

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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available January 4, 2025
  2. Free, publicly-accessible full text available October 1, 2024
  3. Abstract

    Modern scanning microscopes can image materials with up to sub-atomic spatial and sub-picosecond time resolutions, but these capabilities come with large volumes of data, which can be difficult to store and analyze. We report the Fast Autonomous Scanning Toolkit (FAST) that addresses this challenge by combining a neural network, route optimization, and efficient hardware controls to enable a self-driving experiment that actively identifies and measures a sparse but representative data subset in lieu of the full dataset. FAST requires no prior information about the sample, is computationally efficient, and uses generic hardware controls with minimal experiment-specific wrapping. We test FAST in simulations and a dark-field X-ray microscopy experiment of a WSe2film. Our studies show that a FAST scan of <25% is sufficient to accurately image and analyze the sample. FAST is easy to adapt for any scanning microscope; its broad adoption will empower general multi-level studies of materials evolution with respect to time, temperature, or other parameters.

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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available September 7, 2024
  4. Free, publicly-accessible full text available July 4, 2024
  5. Abstract

    Electron spins in solid-state systems offer the promise of spin-based information processing devices. Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs), an all-carbon one-dimensional material whose spin-free environment and weak spin-orbit coupling promise long spin coherence times, offer a diverse degree of freedom for extended range of functionality not available to bulk systems. A key requirement limiting spin qubit implementation in SWCNTs is disciplined confinement of isolated spins. Here, we report the creation of highly confined electron spins in SWCNTs via a bottom-up approach. The record long coherence time of 8.2 µs and spin-lattice relaxation time of 13 ms of these electronic spin qubits allow demonstration of quantum control operation manifested as Rabi oscillation. Investigation of the decoherence mechanism reveals an intrinsic coherence time of tens of milliseconds. These findings evident that combining molecular approaches with inorganic crystalline systems provides a powerful route for reproducible and scalable quantum materials suitable for qubit applications.

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  6. Obtaining large field enhancement in low-refractive-index dielectric materials is highly relevant to many photonic and quantum optics applications. However, confining light in these materials is challenging, owing to light leakage through coupling to continuum modes in the surrounding environment. We investigate the possibility of achieving high quality factors in low-index dielectric resonators through the bound states in the continuum (BIC). Our simulations demonstrate that destructive interference between leaky modes can be achieved by tuning the geometrical parameters of the resonator arrays, leading to the emergence of quasi-BIC in resonators that have a small index contrast to the underlying substrates. The resultant large field enhancement gives rise to giant quality factors and Purcell effects. By introducing vertical mirror symmetry, the quasi-BIC can be tuned into an ideal BIC. In addition, the quasi-BIC can modify the emission patterns of the coupled emitters, rendering highly directional and focused far-field emission. These findings may provide a path for the practical implementation of photonic and quantum devices based on low-index dielectric materials.

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