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Harris, F. ; Wu, R. ; Redei, A. (Ed.)Networks are pervasive in society: infrastructures (e.g., telephone), commercial sectors (e.g., banking), and biological and genomic systems can be represented as networks. Con- sequently, there are software libraries that analyze networks. Containers (e.g., Docker, Singularity), which hold both runnable codes and their execution environments, are in- creasingly utilized by analysts to run codes in a platform-independent fashion. Portability is further enhanced by not only providing software library methods, but also the driver code (i.e., main() method) for each library method. In this way, a user only has to know the invocation for the main() method that is in the container.more »Free, publicly-accessible full text available January 1, 2022
The COVID-19 pandemic brought to the forefront an unprecedented need for experts, as well as citizens, to visualize spatio-temporal disease surveillance data. Web application dashboards were quickly developed to fill this gap, including those built by JHU, WHO, and CDC, but all of these dashboards supported a particular niche view of the pandemic (ie, current status or specific regions). In this paper1, we describe our work developing our own COVID-19 Surveillance Dashboard, available at https://nssac.bii.virginia.edu/covid19/dashboard/, which offers a universal view of the pandemic while also allowing users to focus on the details that interest them. From the beginning, our goalmore »
Abstract—Networks have entered the mainstream lexicon over the last ten years. This coincides with the pervasive use of networks in a host of disciplines of interest to industry and academia, including biology, neurology, genomics, psychology, social sciences, economics, psychology, and cyber-physical systems and infrastructure. Several dozen journals and conferences regularly contain articles related to networks. Yet, there are no general purpose cyberinfrastructures (CI) that can be used across these varied disciplines and domains. Furthermore, while there are scientific gateways that include some network science capabilities for particular domains (e.g., biochemistry, genetics), there are no general-purpose network-based scientific gateways. In thismore »
Global airline networks play a key role in the global importation of emerging infectious diseases. Detailed information on air traffic between international airports has been demonstrated to be useful in retrospectively validating and prospectively predicting case emergence in other countries. In this paper, we use a well-established metric known as effective distance on the global air traffic data from IATA to quantify risk of emergence for different countries as a consequence of direct importation from China, and compare it against arrival times for the first 24 countries. Using this model trained on official first reports from WHO, we estimate timemore »