skip to main content

Search for: All records

Creators/Authors contains: "Marsicano, L."

Note: When clicking on a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) number, you will be taken to an external site maintained by the publisher. Some full text articles may not yet be available without a charge during the embargo (administrative interval).
What is a DOI Number?

Some links on this page may take you to non-federal websites. Their policies may differ from this site.

  1. When diatoms undergo vegetative cell division the new siliceous wall components are slightly smaller than those of the parent because they are produced within the confines of the parent wall. Thus, with continued growth the mean size of cells in a population declines. Given this unique feature of diatom cell division, if the growth of a species in a lake increases (decreases) under more (less) favorable conditions, then the mean size of the resulting population will decline (increase). Numerous paleolimnological investigations rely on shifts in the relative abundances of diatom species over time to infer lake conditions. Although relative abundance data yield information about the dominance of species in the community, they do not necessarily provide evidence about growth of a given species. For instance, a species could have increased in growth, but simply to a lesser extent than other taxa, resulting in a decline in relative abundance. In a similar fashion, relative abundance values can be misleading when used to infer environmental change, such as trophic status change in lakes. We propose that including data on mean size of diatom valves can yield greater insight into changes in growth and improve observations and conclusions based on relative abundance data. To test this concept, we examined changes in the mean diameter of Aulacoseira ambigua (Grunow) Simonsen valves relative to known shifts in lake trophic status in a core from Bantam Lake, Connecticut, representing * 130 years of sediment accumulation. The mean valve diameter of A. ambigua declined from 9.7 to 7.6 lm, with the largest declines clearly tracking significant increases in trophic status. We conclude that changes in the mean size of diatom frustules over time can provide valuable information for understanding long-term environmental changes. 
    more » « less
  2. null (Ed.)
    Abstract This paper describes the design and performance of a compact detector, BDX-MINI, that incorporates all features of a concept that optimized the detection of light dark matter in the MeV-GeV mass range produced by electrons in a beam dump. It represents a reduced version of the future BDX experiment expected to run at JLAB. BDX-MINI was exposed to penetrating particles produced by a 2.176 GeV electron beam incident on the beam dump of Hall A at Jefferson Lab. The detector consists of 30.5 kg of PbWO $$_4$$ 4 crystals with sufficient material following the beam dump to eliminate all known particles except neutrinos. The crystals are read out using silicon photomultipliers. Completely surrounding the detector are a passive layer of tungsten and two active scintillator veto systems, which are also read out using silicon photomultipliers. The design was validated and the performance of the robust detector was shown to be stable during a six month period during which the detector was operated with minimal access. 
    more » « less
  3. Free, publicly-accessible full text available June 1, 2024