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  1. The rapidly increasing congestion in the low Earth environment makes the modeling of uncertainty in atmospheric drag force a critical task, affecting space situational awareness (SSA) activities like the probability of collision estimation. A key element in atmospheric drag modeling is the assessment of uncertainty in the atmospheric drag coefficient estimate. While atmospheric drag coefficients for space objects with known characteristics can be computed numerically, they suffer from large computational costs for practical applications. In this work, we use cost-effective data-driven stochastic methods for modeling the drag coefficients of objects in the low Earth orbit (LEO) region. The training datamore »is generated using the numerical Test Particle Monte Carlo (TPMC) method. TPMC is simulated with Cercignani–Lampis–Lord (CLL) gas-surface interaction (GSI) model. Mehta et al. [1] use a Gaussian process regression (GPR) model to predict satellite drag coefficient, but the authors did not estimate the predictive uncertainty. The first part of this research extends the work by Mehta et al. [1] by fitting a GPR model to the training data and performing predictive uncertainty estimation. The results of the Gaussian fit are then compared against a deep neural network (DNN) model aided by the Monte Carlo dropout approach. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to use the aforementioned stochastic deep learning algorithm to perform predictive uncertainty estimation of the estimated satellite drag coefficient. Apart from the accuracy of the models, we also undertake the task of calibrating the models. Simulations are carried out for a spherical satellite followed by the Champ satellite. Finally, quantification of the effect of drag coefficient uncertainty on orbit prediction is carried out for different solar activity and geomagnetic activity levels.« less
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  6. Abstract The ProtoDUNE-SP detector is a single-phase liquid argon time projection chamber (LArTPC) that was constructed and operated in the CERN North Area at the end of the H4 beamline. This detector is a prototype for the first far detector module of the Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE), which will be constructed at the Sandford Underground Research Facility (SURF) in Lead, South Dakota, U.S.A. The ProtoDUNE-SP detector incorporates full-size components as designed for DUNE and has an active volume of 7 × 6 × 7.2 m 3 . The H4 beam delivers incident particles with well-measured momenta and high-purity particle identification. ProtoDUNE-SP's successful operationmore »between 2018 and 2020 demonstrates the effectiveness of the single-phase far detector design. This paper describes the design, construction, assembly and operation of the detector components.« less
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available January 1, 2023
  7. Free, publicly-accessible full text available October 1, 2022
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    Abstract The Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE), a 40-kton underground liquid argon time projection chamber experiment, will be sensitive to the electron-neutrino flavor component of the burst of neutrinos expected from the next Galactic core-collapse supernova. Such an observation will bring unique insight into the astrophysics of core collapse as well as into the properties of neutrinos. The general capabilities of DUNE for neutrino detection in the relevant few- to few-tens-of-MeV neutrino energy range will be described. As an example, DUNE’s ability to constrain the $$\nu _e$$ ν e spectral parameters of the neutrino burst will be considered.
  9. Abstract The Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE) will be a powerful tool for a variety of physics topics. The high-intensity proton beams provide a large neutrino flux, sampled by a near detector system consisting of a combination of capable precision detectors, and by the massive far detector system located deep underground. This configuration sets up DUNE as a machine for discovery, as it enables opportunities not only to perform precision neutrino measurements that may uncover deviations from the present three-flavor mixing paradigm, but also to discover new particles and unveil new interactions and symmetries beyond those predicted in the Standardmore »Model (SM). Of the many potential beyond the Standard Model (BSM) topics DUNE will probe, this paper presents a selection of studies quantifying DUNE’s sensitivities to sterile neutrino mixing, heavy neutral leptons, non-standard interactions, CPT symmetry violation, Lorentz invariance violation, neutrino trident production, dark matter from both beam induced and cosmogenic sources, baryon number violation, and other new physics topics that complement those at high-energy colliders and significantly extend the present reach.« less