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  1. The inner ear of teleost fishes is composed of three paired multimodal otolithic end organs (saccule, utricle, and lagena), which encode auditory and vestibular inputs via the deflection of hair cells contained within the sensory epithelia of each organ. However, it remains unclear how the multimodal otolithic end organs of the teleost inner ear simultaneously integrate vestibular and auditory inputs. Therefore, microwire electrodes were chronically implanted using a 3-D printed micromanipulator into the utricular nerve of oyster toadfish ( Opsanus tau) to determine how utricular afferents respond to conspecific mate vocalizations termed boatwhistles (180 Hz fundamental frequency) during movement. Utricular afferents were recorded while fish were passively moved using a sled system along an underwater track at variable speeds (velocity: 4.0–12.5 cm/s; acceleration: 0.2–2.6 cm/s 2 ) and while fish freely swam (velocity: 3.5–18.6 cm/s; acceleration: 0.8–29.8 cm/s 2 ). Afferent fiber activities (spikes/s) increased in response to the onset of passive and active movements; however, afferent fibers differentially adapted to sustained movements. In addition, utricular afferent fibers remained sensitive to playbacks of conspecific male boatwhistle vocalizations during both passive and active movements. Here, we demonstrate in alert toadfish that utricular afferents exhibit enhanced activity levels (spikes/s) in response tomore »behaviorally relevant acoustic stimuli during swimming. NEW & NOTEWORTHY The inner ear of teleost fishes is composed of three paired multimodal otolithic end organs, which are sensitive to vestibular and auditory inputs. Previous studies investigating inner ear functions have primarily focused on the effects of unimodal stimuli; therefore, it remains unclear how otolithic end organs simultaneously encode multiple stimuli. Here, we show that utricular afferents remain sensitive to behaviorally relevant acoustic stimuli during swimming.« less