skip to main content

Search for: All records

Creators/Authors contains: "Meredith, Reagan J."

Note: When clicking on a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) number, you will be taken to an external site maintained by the publisher. Some full text articles may not yet be available without a charge during the embargo (administrative interval).
What is a DOI Number?

Some links on this page may take you to non-federal websites. Their policies may differ from this site.

  1. Seven doubly 13 C-labeled isotopomers of methyl β- d -glucopyranoside, methyl β- d -xylopyranoside, methyl β- d -galactopyranoside, methyl β- d -galactopyranosyl-(1→4)-β- d -glucopyranoside and methyl β- d -galactopyranosyl-(1→4)-β- d -xylopyranoside were prepared, crystallized, and studied by single-crystal X-ray crystallography and solid-state 13 C NMR spectroscopy to determine experimentally the dependence of 2 J C1,C3 values in aldopyranosyl rings on the C1–C2–O2–H torsion angle, θ 2 , involving the C2 carbon of the C1–C2–C3 coupling pathway. Using X-ray crystal structures to determine θ 2 in crystalline samples and by selecting compounds that exhibit a relatively wide range of θ 2 values in the crystalline state, 2 J C1,C3 values measured in crystalline samples were plotted against θ 2 and the resulting plot compared to that obtained from density functional theory (DFT) calculations. For θ 2 values ranging from ∼90° to ∼240°, very good agreement was observed between the experimental and theoretical plots, providing strong validation of DFT-calculated spin-coupling dependencies on exocyclic C–O bond conformation involving the central carbon of geminal C–C–C coupling pathways. These findings provide new experimental evidence supporting the use of 2 J CCC values as non-conventional spin-coupling constraints in MA′AT conformational modeling of saccharides in solution, andmore »the use of NMR spin-couplings not involving coupled hydroxyl hydrogens as indirect probes of C–O bond conformation. Solvomorphism was observed in crystalline βGal-(1→4)-βGlcOCH 3 wherein the previously-reported methanol solvate form was found to spontaneously convert to a monohydrate upon air-drying, leading to small but discernible conformational changes in, and a new crystalline form of, this disaccharide.« less
  2. Isopropyl 3-deoxy-α-D- ribo -hexopyranoside (isopropyl 3-deoxy-α-D-glucopyranoside), C 9 H 18 O 5 , (I), crystallizes from a methanol–ethyl acetate solvent mixture at room temperature in a 4 C 1 chair conformation that is slightly distorted towards the C5 S C1 twist-boat form. A comparison of the structural parameters in (I), methyl α-D-glucopyranoside, (II), α-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→4)-D-glucitol (maltitol), (III), and 3-deoxy-α-D- ribo -hexopyranose (3-deoxy-α-D-glucopyranose), (IV), shows that most endocyclic and exocyclic bond lengths, valence bond angles and torsion angles in the aldohexopyranosyl rings are more affected by anomeric configuration, aglycone structure and/or the conformation of exocyclic substituents, such as hydroxymethyl groups, than by monodeoxygenation at C3. The structural effects observed in the crystal structures of (I)–(IV) were confirmed though density functional theory (DFT) calculations in computed structures (I) c –(IV) c . Exocyclic hydroxymethyl groups adopt the gauche – gauche ( gg ) conformation (H5 anti to O6) in (I) and (III), and the gauche – trans ( gt ) conformation (C4 anti to O6) in (II) and (IV). The O -glycoside linkage conformations in (I) and (III) resemble those observed in disaccharides containing β-(1→4) linkages.
  3. MA′AT conformational models of the phi torsion angles of O -glycosidic linkages differ from those obtained from MD simulation. To determine the source of the discrepancy, MA′AT analyses were performed using DFT-derived equations obtained with and without psi constraints. The resulting phi models were essentially the same, indicating a force-field problem. Circular standard deviations (CSDs) were found to provide reliable estimates of torsional averaging.
  4. The crystal structure of methyl 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-β-D-glycopyranosyl-(1→4)-β-D-mannopyranoside monohydrate, C 15 H 27 NO 11 ·H 2 O, was determined and its structural properties compared to those in a set of mono- and disaccharides bearing N -acetyl side-chains in βGlcNAc aldohexopyranosyl rings. Valence bond angles and torsion angles in these side chains are relatively uniform, but C—N (amide) and C—O (carbonyl) bond lengths depend on the state of hydrogen bonding to the carbonyl O atom and N—H hydrogen. Relative to N -acetyl side chains devoid of hydrogen bonding, those in which the carbonyl O atom serves as a hydrogen-bond acceptor display elongated C—O and shortened C—N bonds. This behavior is reproduced by density functional theory (DFT) calculations, indicating that the relative contributions of amide resonance forms to experimental C—N and C—O bond lengths depend on the solvation state, leading to expectations that activation barriers to amide cis – trans isomerization will depend on the polarity of the environment. DFT calculations also revealed useful predictive information on the dependencies of inter-residue hydrogen bonding and some bond angles in or proximal to β-(1→4) O -glycosidic linkages on linkage torsion angles ϕ and ψ. Hypersurfaces correlating ϕ and ψ with the linkage C—O—C bond anglemore »and total energy are sufficiently similar to render the former a proxy of the latter.« less