skip to main content

Search for: All records

Creators/Authors contains: "Milliron, Delia J."

Note: When clicking on a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) number, you will be taken to an external site maintained by the publisher. Some full text articles may not yet be available without a charge during the embargo (administrative interval).
What is a DOI Number?

Some links on this page may take you to non-federal websites. Their policies may differ from this site.

  1. Abstract

    Synthesizing patchy particles with predictive control over patch size, shape, placement and number has been highly sought-after for nanoparticle assembly research, but is fraught with challenges. Here we show that polymers can be designed to selectively adsorb onto nanoparticle surfaces already partially coated by other chains to drive the formation of patchy nanoparticles with broken symmetry. In our model system of triangular gold nanoparticles and polystyrene-b-polyacrylic acid patch, single- and double-patch nanoparticles are produced at high yield. These asymmetric single-patch nanoparticles are shown to assemble into self-limited patch‒patch connected bowties exhibiting intriguing plasmonic properties. To unveil the mechanism of symmetry-breaking patch formation, we develop a theory that accurately predicts our experimental observations at all scales—from patch patterning on nanoparticles, to the size/shape of the patches, to the particle assemblies driven by patch‒patch interactions. Both the experimental strategy and theoretical prediction extend to nanoparticles of other shapes such as octahedra and bipyramids. Our work provides an approach to leverage polymer interactions with nanoscale curved surfaces for asymmetric grafting in nanomaterials engineering.

  2. Free, publicly-accessible full text available May 24, 2023
  3. Free, publicly-accessible full text available August 19, 2023
  4. Although colloidal nanoparticles hold promise for fabricating electronic components, the properties of nanoparticle-derived materials can be unpredictable. Materials made from metallic nanocrystals exhibit a variety of transport behavior ranging from insulators, with internanocrystal contacts acting as electron transport bottlenecks, to conventional metals, where phonon scattering limits electron mobility. The insulator–metal transition (IMT) in nanocrystal films is thought to be determined by contact conductance. Meanwhile, criteria are lacking to predict the characteristic transport behavior of metallic nanocrystal films beyond this threshold. Using a library of transparent conducting tin-doped indium oxide nanocrystal films with varied electron concentration, size, and contact area, we assess the IMT as it depends on contact conductance and show how contact conductance is also key to predicting the temperature-dependence of conductivity in metallic films. The results establish a phase diagram for electron transport behavior that can guide the creation of metallic conducting materials from nanocrystal building blocks.
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available May 31, 2023